Long-term strategy

  • Master plan on socio-economic development of north central and central coastal region to 2020

  • Sunday, 1/29/2017

  • AsemconnectVietnam - To focus on training and development of human resources, especially high quality human resources to meet market demand

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    MASTER PLAN ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NORTH CENTRAL AND CENTRAL COASTAL REGION TO 2020

    I.
    Position and roles
    North central and central coastal area is special important strategic areas on politic, economic, social, defense and security; having strategic position and important advantages in expanding economic exchanges as well as goods transshipment points for the central highlands province, Laos, Cambodia, north eastern Thailand, Myanmar and being gate of east - west economic corridor connecting to routes of international maritime and commodity exchanges with other countries around the world.
    II. Development viewpoints
    - Socio - economic development must be in accordance with socio-economic development strategy of the wholly country and orientation of Vietnam marine strategy; ensuring consistency with development plans of sectors.
    - To promote maximum potential, advantages of localities in the region, especially advantages of industry, service and marine economic; promoting economic restructuring, transforming growth model towards efficient use of natural resources, protection of ecological environment; having solutions to proactively prevent and respond to climate change.

    - To develop comprehensively system of urban, residential area and systems of technical infrastructure and social infrastructure towards being friendly with environment. Focusing on building urban areas having favorable conditions and advantages to be centers to promote development and become economic center of each sub-region.
    - To combine closely economic development with development of sectors of social, education - training, health, culture associating with implementation social progress and justice to gradually improve quality of people’s living; promoting alleviation of poverty, poor reduction, reducing social development gap between regions and among ethnic minorities in the region.
    - To focus on training and development of human resources, especially high quality human resources to meet market demand, associating development of human resources with development and application of advanced science and technology.
    - To combine closely socio-economic development with ensuring social defense and security, maintaining political stability and social order and safety, ensuring defenses of border on land and at sea.

    III. Development objectives
    1. Overall objectives:
    To construct north central and central coast region to becomes active, rapid and sustainable development region, being an important center of the country in international exchanges and cooperation; maintaining political stability and social order and safety, economic development associating with ensuring national defense and security, protection of sovereignty of marine and island of the country. Improving basically living standards, culture, spirit living of the people, promoting alleviation of poverty, especially for ethnic minorities, people in communes with special difficulties; enhancing protection and improvement of people's health. To minimize impact of natural disasters and storms, drought, protecting ecological environment; effectively responding to climate change, particularly sea level rise.
    2. Specific objective:
    2.1. Economic
    - By 2020, GDP of the region increase approximately 2.2 fold times comparing to that in 2010 (calculated at constant prices); economic growth rate reaches 7.5%/year in a period of 2011-2015 and 9%/year during a period of 2016 – 2020. By 2020, GDP per capita will be about VND 53 million, equivalent to USD 2,500, equivalent to approximately 76% of level of GDP per capita of the wholly country.
    - Economic structure will be shifted towards in-depth development, focusing on exploiting comparative advantages of the region, proportion of industry in GDP increases from 35.7% in 2010 to 38.6% in 2015 and 41.9% in 2020; proportion of service sector increases from 37.2% in 2010 to 38.1% in 2015 and 39.9% in 2020; proportion of agriculture in GDP decline from 27.1% in 2010 to 23.2% in 2015 and 18.2% in 2020; proportion of agricultural labor in total labor force is about 32% by 2020.
    - By 2015, export value of north central and central coastal region is over USD 10 billion, an increase of 16-18%/year; in a period 2016 – 2020, maintaining growth rate of export value of 20%/year; average rate of technological innovation reaches 20-25%/year.

    2.2. Culture - society.
    - Growth rate of the region's population in a period from now to 2020 maintain average level of 1.1%/year. By 2015, the region's population is about 20 million people and increase to about 21.2 million people in 2020. Average rate of  poverty household of the region under new standard reduces to 2-3%/year.
    - By 2020, achieving universal standard of preschool education for children 5 years of age, percentage of pupils in school age going to school reaches 95% of primary school; by 2020, 100% of primary schools meet national standards; striving for education, vocational training of the region to meet an average education level of the whole country in 2020.
    - Percentage of children under 5 year old being malnourished decrease to below 10% in 2020; mortality rate of children under 1 year old decrease to 19.3 ‰ by 2015 and 11.0 ‰ by 2020.
    - To create jobs for about 400,000 employees (180,000 employees in a period of 2011-2015, approximately 220,000 employees in a period of 2016 - 2020). By 2020, to strive to reduce unemployment rate in urban areas to below 4.5%; proportion of labor time use in rural areas to 85%; proportion of trained workers reach 45% by 2015 and over 65% in 2020.

    - Rate of urbanization reaches 32% by 2015 and 42% by 2020; size of urban population of the region will reach about 6.5 million people in 2015 and 9 million people in 2020.
    2.3. Environmental protection.
    - By 2020, over 95% of rural population and 100% of urban population use clean water.

    - By 2020, to strive that all urban areas grade IV or higher and all industrial parks, export processing zones have concentrated wastewater treatment systems; 95% of normal solid waste, 85 % of hazardous waste and 100% of medical waste will be treated under environmental standards.
    - To increase forest coverage from 47.8% in 2010 to 58% in 2020. Preventing, limiting extent of pollution, degradation and environmental incidents caused by human activity and natural impacts; protecting marine and coastal ecosystems and biodiversity, system of national parks, natural conservation areas; actively preventing and avoiding to reduce impact of storms, floods, natural disasters and climate change.
    2.4. Security and defense.
    - To invest in completing transportation system to border area, border ring road, border station systems and defense areas, border residential areas and infrastructure for socio-economic development.
    - To strengthen defense and security potentials; maintaining political stability, social order and safety, protecting territorial integrity, create a favorable environment for socio-economic development. To closely link between socio-economic development, especially sea, island economic with protecting sea and island sovereignty, sovereign rights of the country.
    - To promote dissemination, education and mobilization of the mass to strictly abide the State laws to reduce, limit traffic accidents. To promote prevention and combating social evils, building new cultural living in villages, hamlets.

    IV. Development orientation of sectors
    1. Agriculture, forestry and fisheries:
    - Agricultural development: Rearranging structure of plants and animals in accordance with natural conditions of each sub-region towards improving production safety, preventing flood, improving efficiency in each hectare of cultivated land.
    To develop areas of specializing in cultivating advantage fruit crops, perennial industrial trees towards centralized commodity production which are suitable for soil conditions, climate conditions of each locality in the region; developing livestock and poultry with suitable scale associating with development of processing industry, application of new varieties, appropriate technologies in production and processing, linking production to markets to form linkage of farming - processing - services - market in the region.
    To focus on building new salt fields and expanding many existing salt fields in district of Tinh Gia (Thanh Hoa), Quan The (Ninh Thuan), Binh Nam, Thang Binh (Quang Nam), Hon Khoi (Khanh Hoa) to supply salt to meet consumption demand.
    - Development of aquaculture: Developing industrial and semi- industrial aquaculture associating with environmental protection, ecological security of coastal areas. Focusing on developing aquaculture, specialty seafood with high value (lobsters, seahorses, mollusks ...) in accordance with natural conditions of the region.
    Investing in infrastructure to develop centralized aquaculture in localities, including aquaculture on sandy land; managing quality of aquaculture seed and feed. Promoting development of aquaculture in stricken areas, coastal lagoons from south Quang Binh province to Tam Giang lagoon (Thua Thien – Hue province); estuary areas from Quang Nam province to Binh Thuan province.
    To build docks, piers and storm shelter point in tiny gulf, estuaries and coastal islands. Gradually upgrading fishing vessels with large capacity equipped information system, instructions, fishing tools and modern frozen equipments to improve offshore fishing capacity. Well organizing logistics services (supply of water, ice, oil, maintenance, ship repairing ...) to serve long time fishing on sea.
    - Forestry development: Establishing stable forestry area, focusing on maintaining forest protection, watershed forests; newly afforesting protective forests in critical headwaters of major rivers to prevent and reduce flood,  control reservoir sedimentation in reservoir areas, hydropower reservoirs and coastal forests. Strengthening protection and development of national parks, conservation of biodiversity, protection of rare flora and fauna genetic resource.
    - Building new countryside: Focusing on deployment of new rural construction; restructuring crops and livestock, developing commodity production in order to improve income and stabilize people's living. Agricultural and rural economics will be development satellite of economic zones and urban areas in the region.
    2. Industry
    To promote development of advantageous industries of the region, such as shipbuilding and ship repairing, mechanic, engineering, textiles, leather, cement production, seafood processing, sugar cane .... forming major industrial centers in provinces of Thanh Hoa, Ha Tinh, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh. Step by step building and developing electronics and information technologies to support development of other industry. Focusing resources to accelerate development of petrochemical industry into a pillar industry in the region and the country.
    To focus on development of small and medium-sized industry, using advanced technology in accordance with specific conditions of each locality. Developing handicraft toward encouraging traditional industries such as production of handicrafts, construction materials production, civil furniture, food and foodstuff processing.
    Focusing on building and completing infrastructure of economic zones to attract businesses to invest and do business. Developing industrial clusters along roads connecting province in the region with other provinces in the central highlands province in order to supply consumption products for the central highlands and receiving raw materials of agriculture and forestry to serve processing industry; associating industrial development with formation of urban centers in rural areas.
    3. Development of tourism and services:
    - Services: in a period from now to 2015, average growth rate of total turnover of retail sales of commodities is 13.0%/year; in a period of 2016 - 2020 about 16%/year. By 2015, export value hits over USD 10 billion, in a period of 2016 – 2020, maintaining growth rate of export value of 20%/year.
    To upgrade existing commercial centers in provinces and cities such as Vinh (Nghe An), Hue city (Thua Thien - Hue province), city of Da Nang, Quy Nhon city (Binh Dinh), Nha Trang city (Khanh Hoa province); forming commercial centers, supermarkets in the provinces and cities in the region; completing network of domestic trade from urban to rural, from plains to mountains, coastal areas. Organizing to exploit effectively activities of commercial and services at existing border gate economic zones (Cau Treo, Lao Bao, Cha Lo...).

    - Tourism sector: Striving to 2020, building north central and central Coastal region to become a region having many tourism destinations connecting with network of tourism destinations in southeast Asia region such as Thailand, Singapore , Malaysia, Indonesia ... and being a frequent destination of international tours.
    To focus on exploiting advantage of historical tourism, culture tourism, beach resort for coastal province and cities from Thanh Hoa to Ha Tinh. Exploiting strengths of cultural heritage, historical landmarks, especially natural landscape in coastal route associating with world heritages such as Phong Nha cave and ecotourism destination of Phong Nha - Ke Bang (Quang Binh province), architectural heritage of Hue city, Hoi An ancient town, My Son relic and Cham culture (Da Nang, Quang Nam), historic relics(Quang Tri) together with natural values on route of Hue - Lang Co - Bach Ma - Hai Van - Son Tra - Ba Na - Da Nang, coastal route from Nam O to ancient town of Hoi An. Promoting advantage of marine eco-tourism and cultural identity of ethnic to form large-scale, modern marine tourism zone such as Dai Lanh, Van Phong gulf, Nha Trang (Khanh Hoa), Ninh Chu, Ca Na (Ninh Thuan), Phan Thiet, Mui Ne (Binh Thuan), Vung Ro (Phu Yen), Phuong Mai - Nui Ba (Binh Dinh).

    4. Development of socio-culture:
    - Education - Training: To maintain and improve quality of primary education and literacy. Strengthening construction of school facilities and classrooms; promoting socialization of education – training sector.
    To promote education, vocational training, especially training high quality human resources to meet development demand of the region. Prioritizing to invest in developing human resource of sectors of high quality service and tourism, electronic industry, software production, information technology and automation ...
    To exploit maximum existing universities and colleges; focusing on investing in building centers of high-quality training in Da Nang, Vinh, Hue, Nha Trang university - Khanh Hoa province on a par with high quality schools in Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and other countries in the region; constructing a center of training high quality human resources for the whole region in city of Da Nang.
    To implement to establish and build vocational training schools in economic zones; expanding system of vocational training schools in districts, building at least a vocational training units in each district. Building some high technology vocational colleges in Thanh Hoa, Vinh (in conjunction with techniques university of Vinh), Hue, Da Nang, Dung Quat, Qui Nhon (combining with technical college of Qui Nhon) and Nha Trang.
    To develop, raising training capacity of universities of medical, pharmacy and research institutions in the region. Constructing Hue medical university to become key university of the region; establishing pharmaceutical university of Hue; after 2015, establishing medical university of  Nghe An on basis of upgrading medical college of Nghe An. Opening faculty of medicine at university of Da Nang, Quy Nhon and Nha Trang university.

    - People's healthcare: strengthening and developing preventive medicine network having ability to predict, monitor, detect, control and extinguish epidemic, including dangerous epidemic newly arising. Gradually increasing proportion of investment in preventive health, proactive prevention of epidemic, tackling basically infections; leprosy eradication, eliminating tetanus in newborns; proactively preventing cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes, mental illness, HIV-AIDS ...; ensuring environmental hygiene, food hygiene and safety.
    To complete construction of specialized medical center in the region in city of Hue and Da Nang city to provide high quality healthcare services to the people. Expanding and upgrading provincial hospitals and gradually building specialized hospitals to detect and effectively treat epidemics.
    Strengthening and perfecting grassroots healthcare network to enhance quality and efficiency of healthcare of the people towards bringing healthcare services to households, improving accessibility of the people for high quality healthcare.
    - Culture and sport: to preserve, restore and promote traditional cultural values those will be background for cultural exchange among ethnic communities in the region; constructing and developing of new cultural values, forming a civilized lifestyle, new cultural family in the region; accelerating construction of synchronous information cultural institution system from provincial, city level to each localities of the province and city.
    To invest in construction, upgrading, expanding and step by step modernizing system of infrastructure of sports. In each province, building cultural –sport center under standards; constructing, upgrading and expanding units of sport in localities in the region.
    - Reducing poverty, creating jobs and ensuring social welfare: Implementing united, comprehensively and effectively programs and projects of poverty reduction, creating opportunities for the poor to access assistance policies on land, credit, vocational training, job creation and industrial encouragement, agricultural - forestry - fisheries encouragement and product consumption; focusing on supporting poor households to develop production, increasing income and stabilizing living.
    To ensure social welfare policy, protecting and taking care of children; mobilizing the people to participate in social activities; training, creating jobs child of poor households; promoting philanthropy, humanitarian activities, supporting the poor to enrich. Implementing children's rights to ensure child to be taken care and protected; creating a healthy environment, safe for children to develop comprehensively; preventing and controlling risk of child abuse.
    5. Development of infrastructure:
    To develop synchronously system of economic infrastructure and social infrastructure to be a motivation for socio-economic development of the region. To combine closely transport infrastructure investments with irrigation and sea dykes; synchronous developing urban networks and rural residential areas.

    - Development of transport:
    Road: prioritizing investment in upgrading and expanding the national highway 1A with a scale of 4 lanes. By 2015, completing basically some key sections and by 2016 completing the entire route upgrade. Upgrading roads of east – west economic corridor; constructing border ring roads and roads in western of provinces from Thanh Hoa to Quang Nam; completing investment in coastal road; constructing east Truong Son road from Da Nang to Lam Dong; upgrading and completing all remaining national highways in the region.
    Highway: to construct step by step north - south highway with a scale of 6-8 lanes, in short time, giving priorities to build sections: Ninh Binh – Bai Vot (Ha Tinh province), Da Nang - Quang Ngai, Dau Giay - Phan Thiet - Nha Trang.

    Railways:  Renovating and upgrading north - south railway to achieve technical standard of national railway. Investing, equipping techniques to guarantee speed of train of 90 - 120 km/h; studying feasibility measure of building north-south high-speed railway.
    Seaports: Reviewing plan of seaport system, continuing to invest in and develop synchronously all ports, port flows,  service system of supporting port, system of road connecting ports with national transportation system to meet requirements of socio-economic development of localities in the region. Promoting application of information technology in management and operation of ports and port services.
    Aviation: to complete basically upgrade, expansion and new construction of a number of airports. Synchronizing and modernize international airports of Da Nang, Phu Bai, Cam Ranh. Continuing to upgrade Chu Lai airport to become airport of international cargo transit in the region; upgrading and expanding airports of Thanh Hoa, Vinh, Dong Hoi, Phu Cat, Tuy Hoa.
    - Irrigation development:
    To improve capacity in researching and assessing water resources, planning, designing and constructing irrigation and managing water resources in river basins to ensure rational exploitation and use of water resources associating with sustainable development.
    To consolidate and upgrade many river and sea dikes; planting and maintaining forest of controlling wave alongside dike to serve socio-economic development of the coastal areas. Upgrading, improving and managing effectively exploitation of existing irrigation systems (Bai Thuong, Muc river, Hoat river, Yen My (Thanh Hoa); Do Luong, Nghi Quang, Ben Thuy, Thanh Chuong, Sao river, Vuc Mau, Nam irrigation system (Nghe An); Linh Cam, Ke Go, Tiem river, Rac river (Ha Tinh province), Phu Vinh, Vuc Tron, An Ma, Cam Ly, My Trung (Quang Binh); Nam Thach Han, Truc Kinh, Bao Dai (Quang Tri); Truoi (Thua Thien Hue). Continuing to build and complete major reservoirs in area of river basin to implement tasks of flood control, providing water for activities of production and the people’s living.
    - Electricity supply:
    To invest in construction of Nghi Son thermal power factory (Thanh Hoa province), Vung Ang (Ha Tinh), Song Cau (Phu Yen) ...; constructing hydropower projects (Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam and Quang Ngai ...); constructing nuclear power factory 1 (Ninh Thuan) under master plan of electricity development No.7 to supply electricity to the whole region and add power supply for the country. Invest in construction of 110 kV, 220KV, 500KV electricity transmission system and electricity distribution system to meet increasing demand of electricity use of industrial parks, urban area and demand of the people’s living.
    - Information and communication:
    To build infrastructure of modern telecommunications networks with large capacity and high speed. Developing telecommunications to serve well and timely for socio-economic development, national security, defense and social order and safety, serving efficiently for activities of search and rescue at sea and flood areas. Developing telecommunications services for development of marine economy, offshore fishing, serving marine safety and rescue.
    - Water supply, drainage and sanitation:
    To construct synchronously clean water supply system to meet clean demand for production and living ; develop in urban area. Researching to build suitable projects of clean water supply for rural areas, coastal area and island. Building a system of network of monitoring quality of surface water and groundwater in the entire region to check and supervise pollution of water sources.

    To invest in
    6.
    Development of science and technology:
    upgrading and building newly, synchronously sewerage system in urban areas; ensuring waste water, of industrial parks, hospitals, villages to be treated under prescribed standards before being discharged into centralized system of waste water.
    To collect and treat garbage centrally to reduce environmental pollution; in each province in the region, building at least an area of solid waste treatment under advanced technologies for recycling, limiting land filling measures to save area of land and ensure environmental hygiene.
    To develop multiform scientific and technology; applying high-tech for sectors of information technology, biotechnology, materials technology ... and economics. Developing capabilities of science and technology in the province; investing in upgrading Nha Trang oceanography institute and research laboratory of university of Nha Trang fisheries.
    To focus on researching and applying science and technology of varieties of animal and tree with high productivity adapting to ecological conditions of the region; in short-term, investing in upgrading research facilities of high-tech products in fields of agricultural, fisheries in order to produce fisheries varieties of high productivity, especially specialized varieties for export and domestic consumption.
    To link efficiently among training - research - production - transfer. Encouraging equipment innovation, modern technologies for decisive factors of key industries, key industrial products with large-scale to improve product quality.
    7. Using natural resources associating with environmental protection and sustainable development:
    To manage and exploit effectively natural resources, ensuring environment and ecological balance. Focusing on developing green, environmental friendly economy. Performing sustainable production and consumption; gradually developing "clean energy", "clean production" and "pure consumption".
    To use savings, rational and effectively agricultural land, improving efficiency of existing land use; maintaining an area of ​​about 230,000 hectares of rice land to ensure food security. To fully exploit unused land to cultivate long-term industrial crops and fruit trees; to make use of fallow land, coastal sandy land which are not suitable for production of agriculture, forestry, fishery and put into use for objectives of development of industrial zones, tourism zones, new urban areas. Using suitably water resources; protecting watershed forest ecosystems, protection forest vegetation. Protecting existing forest land, enhancing new afforestation of economic forest, protection forest, afforestation of barren hills, effectively preventing deforestation, forest fires; maintaining and gradually improving area of ​​nature conservation. Harvesting sustainably and efficiently marine resources while protecting marine environment...
    To promote research, forecasting, impact assessment to implement effectively solutions of prevention of natural disasters and national program on coping with climate change, especially sea level rise; strengthening international cooperation in order to carry out combined action and enlist help of international community in protection of environment.
    8. Combining socio-economic with defense and security:
    To plan and construct defense economic zone, combining closely two strategic tasks of socio-economic development with  reinforcing national defense and security, building the people’s national defense posture, the people’s security posture, willing to crush conspiracy and tricks of enemy forces.
    To accelerate upgrading and expansion of boundary roads; investing in construction of border patrol road to combine economic development with strengthening national security and defense. Constructing fish port, coastal road, socio economic infrastructure of island in order to create infrastructure and service systems and from coastal area to islands to serve offshore fishing, storm shelter, security, defense protection and maritime sovereignty.
    V.
    Direction of organizing development space
    1. Development of urban space:
    To develop urban networks associating with development of industrial parks, trade and service centers toward multi center; creating a network of close links among localities in the region with neighboring region.
    Development of urban networks associates with development of economic zones, industrial parks, industrial clusters, border-gate economic zones, zones of trade, tourism and rural residential areas through synchronous infrastructure systems to effectively exploit land resources.
    To invest and develop synchronously and gradually modernize infrastructure systems in urban areas such as: Da Nang, Hue city (Thua Thien - Hue province), city of Vinh (Nghe An province), Nha Trang (Khanh Hoa province); investing in upgrading medium-scale urban development (cities and towns of the province), small urban areas (towns) and new urban area to become growth nucleus of the region.
    To focus on building infrastructure systems associating with trade and service infrastructure in urban areas; forming a big number of trade centers with diversified commodities in urban areas to meet shopping demand of the people and tourists.
    2. Development of economic subregion
    2.1. Key economic region of the Central (Thua Thien Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh):
    - To accelerate development of economic zones to become development nucleus, centers of the region. Building city of Da Nang, Hue, Quy Nhon to become centers of trade and tourism and international exchange of the north central and central coastal region.
    - To invest in completing basic economic infrastructure, social infrastructure such as ports, tourism zones, economic zones, industrial zones, border-gate economic zones; irrigation infrastructure, transportation, telecommunications, electricity, urban infrastructure and rural infrastructure.
    - To strengthen cooperation and links among localities in the region to implement the plan, socio-economic development plans. To apply and specify mechanisms and policies of socio economic development of the wholly country under characteristics of the region to create breakthrough on socio-economic development of the region.
    2.2. North central subregion (Thanh Hoa, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Quang Binh and Quang Tri):
    - To promote development of economic zone: Nghi Son, southeast Nghe An, Vung Ang, Hon La and international border economic zones of Treo, Cha Lo, Lao Bao associating with marine economic development to become development centers of localities in the sub-region.
    - To effectively exploit advantages of mineral resources (iron, tin, kaolin, oil ...); promoting development of industries of engineering, shipbuilding, building materials, textiles, footwear, apparel, sugar production; electricity industry; industry of processing of agricultural, forestry and fisheries products towards maximizing use of synthetic materials. To accelerate construction of Nghi Son petrochemical refinery factory, industrial park of Formosa and metallurgical complex of Thach Khe (Ha Tinh province).
    - To invest in expansion of area of industrial crops, food crops, livestock development, formation of intensive-cultivated production areas associating with processing industry. Developing agriculture in direction of improving efficiency of each hectare of cultivated land. Protecting, regenerating and developing watershed forests, protection forests and special-use forests. Encouraging offshore fishing, developing aquaculture in coastal lagoons area to increase exports.
    - To develop service sector such as ports, aviation, banking, finance and telecommunications. To promote development of advantage marine tourism include: sea and island resorts, tours, trekking, eco-tourism in national park, nature reserve, natural heritage and cultural heritage.
    - To develop urban centers of the province to become centers of economy, culture, science and technology, playing important role to promote rural development. Constructing Vinh city to become economic and culture center of north central sub-region.
    2.3. South central subregion (Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan):
    - To speed up construction of economic zone: Van Phong, Nam Phu Yen. Developing shipbuilding industry, production of building materials, power tools, and industry of processing of agricultural products, marine products, foodstuffs, consumption commodity production, textile, sugar and other light industries. Preparing conditions for deployment of refinery project No.3 in Vung Ro, nuclear power plant of Ninh Thuan 1.
    - To promote offshore fishing, aquaculture, breeding varieties of common tiger prawns to effectively exploit advantages of climate and flood-tide mode. Focusing on developing aquaculture industry as plan, while protecting environment, ensuring ecological safety of coastal areas. Developing a system of docks and piers in estuaries and coastal islands to serve fishing services and storm protection for fishing vessels at sea; developing services of supporting offshore fisheries associating with maritime security. To promote development of service of transferring science and technology, services of forestry encouragement, fishing and agricultural encouragement to household of production of forestry and fisheries.
    - To exploit advantages of marine tourism, eco-tourism and ethnic cultural tourism. Investing in construction of trade centers in city of Tuy Hoa (Phu Yen), Nha Trang city (Khanh Hoa), Phan Thiet city (Binh Thuan) and in many provinces in the region. Developing service of application of information technology and internet; service of financial and banking in economic zones, ports, airports and urban centers of the region.
    - To protect and afforesting areas of critical watersheds. Developing agricultural toward direction of improving efficiency associating with processing industry; focusing on development of advantage perennial fruit crops, cash crops. Constructing industrial salt field in provinces of Ninh Thuan, Khanh Hoa, and Binh Thuan.
    2.4. Socio-economic development of western mountainous region of the province, cities in the region:
    To promote economic growth and restructure in order to improve basic living standards of the people; combining economic development in mountainous areas in western with social stability and ensuring border security and defense.
    - To prioritize to develop and construct socio-economic infrastructure, at the first time, transportation systems, upland urban areas. Socio- economic development combining with building and strengthening national defense posture, people's security posture and strengthening a firm political system.
    3. Economic zone development:
    - To develop economic zones associating with transferring economic structure of each locality; combining effectiveness of economic development with ensuring social welfare and environmental protection. Forming core functions of each economic zone on basis of economic advantages of each locality; at the same time, effective use of natural resources and ensure close linkage with development orientation of the region in each period.
    - To focus on implementing key national projects as plan under appropriate steps. Developing economic zone to become center of economic, urban, trade and international exchange of the region.
    VI. Key measures of implementing plan
    1.  Sectors given priority to develop.
    - To focus on building a complete infrastructure system in the province with a focus on key economic region of the central. To accelerate completion of key projects outlined in action programs of the Government, especially frame infrastructure systems connecting the region with central highlands region, Laos, Cambodia, northeast Thailand; coastal roads, highways and airports; upgrading existing railway to ensure normal traffic during rainy season ... to connect with neighborhood regions.
    - To construct and renovate important irrigation, fisheries works for production, proactively prevent and adapt to climate change; improving system of urban infrastructure, tourism infrastructure; to diversify and improve quality of services.
    - To develop urban areas, industrial parks, economic zones to become growth nucleus of promoting socio-economic development in the region, while protecting ecological environment and sustainable development.
    - To improve quality of education - training, vocational training, development of qualified human resources to meet demand of transferring economic structure in the region. Promoting application of high technology in field of agricultural production in order to increase productivity, product quality and value of products.
    2. Solutions of investment capital.
    - To strive and focus on increasing the State budget revenues, strengthening fighting against loss of revenue, severely dealing with cases of tax evasion, commercial frauds; ensuring correct, full and timely collection of the State budget.
    - To prioritize investment capital from the State budget to invest in projects having strategic significance of the region but having no ability to withdraw funds such as overcoming and treating environmental pollution, essential social infrastructure and projects of development of agriculture, rural areas; at the same time, balancing the State budget for implementation of social welfare policies, especially for poor households; strengthening expenditure control and ensuring effective use of the State budget funds for socio-economic development of the region.
    - To develop and promulgate a list of programs and projects calling for investment to 2020; promoting activity of introduction and promotion, investment promotion in order to attract investment from all economic sectors; using and enlist maximum investment capital to develop synchronous and modern socio-economic infrastructure.
    - To develop clearly financial market; promoting socialization of investment in sectors of health, education, culture - sport to mobilize maximum resources for development.
    3. Solutions on mechanisms and policies
    - To issue policies to support development of infrastructure of economic zones, border-gate economic zones, creating a breakthrough for localities: continuing to improve investment environment to create favorable conditions to attract more strongly domestic and foreign resources. Diversifying types of investment, boosting investment under form of public-private partnership (PPP) to focus on developing system of socio-economic infrastructure. Adopting policies of supporting capital for development of key economic zones. Enlisting maximum sources of ODA, FDI and effectively using ODA funds for developing and investing in key infrastructure projects with large scale.
    - To issue policies of develop projects of disaster prevention and mitigation: north central and central coastal region hit by natural disasters with high frequency and huge damages comparing to other regions in the country. Therefore, it should have plan of forest protection and development, developing huge irrigation project to prevent consequences of floods, droughts, supplying water for production and daily living.
    - Policies for ethnic minorities in west mountainous areas: Studying to issue policies for ethnic minority in west mountainous areas, especially for ethnic minorities in areas with special difficulties to gradually stabilize production and people's living.
    4. Human resource solutions
    - To develop and promulgate policies to promote and attract the talent, qualified technical labourers to work permanently in localities in the region and accelerate training of human resources within the region matching pace of transferring socio-economic structure of the region.
    - To increase investment in sectors of education - training, health, culture to raise level of awareness and healthcare for the people. Strengthening vocational training, supporting and introducing jobs under appropriate forms; having vocational training policy for employees who convert to non-agricultural occupations; setting up plans and implementing training skills for employees working in industrial parks and economic zones.
    - To prioritize land area for non-public schools to promote policies of socialization of education - training; enhancing investment in health network, preventive health activities.
     
    Appendix

    List of programs, projects given priority to research and invest in north central and central coastal area to 2020
     
    Title of programs, projects
    I
     Transport infrastructure
    1
    Road:
    - Upgrading and expanding national road No.1A.
    - Building highways: Ninh Binh - Thanh Hoa; Thanh Hoa - Ha Tinh (Bai Vot); La Son – Da Nang; Da Nang – Quang Ngai; Nha Trang - Phan Thiet; Dau Giay - Phan Thiet;
    - System of coastal road from Thanh Hoa to Binh Thuan;
    - System of frontier patrolling road bordering to Laos.
    2
    Airway: Upgrading airport of Da Nang, Phu Bai, Chu Lai, Cam Ranh.
    3
    Seaport: upgrading seaports of Da Nang, Nhon Hoi, Ky Ha, Nghi Son, Ha Tinh.
    4
     Railway:
    - Upgrading north-south railway to hit level I of national railway standard.
    - Researching to build high-speed railway Ha Noi – Vinh; Ho Chi Minh city – Nha Trang.
    II
     Infrastructure of electricity supply
     
    - Building thermo-electricity factories of Nghi Son (Thanh Hoa), Vung Ang (Ha Tinh), Song Cau (Phu Yen);
    - Building small and medium-sized hydroelectric factories (Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Da Nang, Quang Nam and Quang Ngai...);
    - Building nuclear electricity factory (Ninh Thuan 1);
    - Building 3rd power supply line 500kV of Nghi Son - Thai Binh;
    - Building 220 kV transformer stations in Bim Son, Do Luong, Quynh Luu, Thach Khe, Vung Ang.
     - Building 2nd power supply line 220kV of Di Linh - Bao Loc - Song May;
    - Building power supply line 220kV along seacoast from Quang Ngai - Quy Nhon - Tuy Hoa - Nha Trang;
    - Building new transformer station 220/110kV Tuy Hoa, Duc Pho, Hoai Nhon, Song Cau.
    III
     Irrigation infrastructure
     
    - Investing in consolidating, protecting and upgrading existing river dykes and sea dikes in provinces from Thanh Hoa to Binh Thuan.
    - Continuing to invest to complete and put into operation lakes of Cua Dat (Thanh Hoa), Rao Quan (Quang Tri), Ta Trach (Thua Thien Hue), Dinh Binh (Binh Dinh), Phu Ninh (Quang Nam), Thach Nham (Quang Ngai).
    - Building irrigation project of north Chu river – south Ma river, irrigation project of Dong Dien.
    IV
     Projects of warning, preventing natural disaster, rescue:
     
    - Investing in developing synchronous, advanced, modern network of monitoring in the wholly area.
    - Investing synchronously seafood information system, paying attention on fishing boat management, center of warning and monitoring sea environment.
    - Investing in developing and supporting offshore fisheries, storm shelters associating with maritime security on basis of development of port and fishery logistics area.
    V
    Education and training:
    - Building university of Vinh, medical university of Hue and university of Nha Trang to become high quality universities.
    - Building a center of training high quality human resource in Da Nang city
    VI
    Healthcare:
    - Building specialized health centers Hue city (Thua Thien Hue province) and Da Nang city.
    - Expanding, upgrading provincial general hospitals.

    Long Giang
    Source: mpi.gov.vn

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