Local Government

  • Da Nang city

  • Tuesday, 2/28/2017

  • AsemconnectVietnam - It borders Thua Thien – Hue Province to the north, Quang Nam Province to the south and west, and looks out on the Eastern Sea to the east. The city is in the middle of the country, on the north – south road, rail, sea and air routes. It is 764km far from Hanoi on the north Capital and 964km far from Ho Chi Minh City on the south.

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    ADMINISTRATION OF DANANG CITY

     
    PARTY COMMITTEE
     
    Add: 72 Bach Dang Road, Da Nang City
     
    Tel: 0511.3801172
     
    PEOPLE’S COMMITTEE
     
    Add: 42-44 Bach Dang Road, Da Nang City
     
    Tel: 0511.3821293
     
    Fax: 0511.3825321
     
    Chairman: Van Huu Chien
    Vice Chairman: Phung Tan Viet
    Vice Chairman: Nguyen Xuan Anh
    Vice Chairman: Vo Duy Khuong
     
     
    DEPARTMENTS
    - Department of Investment & Planning
    Add: 47 Ngo Gia Tu Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3822217
    Fax: 0511.3829184
    - Department of  Finance
    Add: 12 Tran Phu Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3822130
    Fax: 0511.3827074
    - Department of Natural Resources & Environment
    Add: 57 Quang Trung Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3822410
    Fax: 0511.3863021
    - Department of Industry & Trade
    Add: 06 Tran Quy Cap Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3822548
    Fax: 0511.3821020
    - Department of Construction
    Add: 106 Hoang Van Thu Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3822134
    Fax: 0511.3828587
    - Department of Culture, Sport & Tourism
    Add: 102 Le Loi Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3821203
    Fax: 0511.3832423
    - Department of Science & Technology
    Add: 51A Ly Tu Trong Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3891916
    Fax: 0511.3822864
    - Department of Transport
    Add: 140 Hai Phong Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3822430
    Fax: 0511.3830438
    - Department of Education & Training
    Add: 11 Le Thanh Ton Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3821068
    Fax: 0511.3821066
    - Department of Labor, War Invalids & Social Affairs
    Add: 342 Phan Chau Trinh Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3827616
    Fax: 0511.3822957
    - Department of Justice
    Add: 16 Bach Dang Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3821675
    Fax: 0511.3895267
    - Department of Health
    Add: 103 Hung Vuong Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3821206
    Fax: 0511.3826276
    - Department of Home Affairs
    Add: 132 Yen Bai Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3821253
    Fax: 0511.3829900
    - Department of Foreign Affairs
    Add: 04 Tran Phu Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3810903
    Fax: 0511.3825853
    - Inspectorate of City
    Add: 93 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3810253
    - Department of Agriculture & Rural Development
    Add: 140 Nguyen Thi Minh Khai Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3827257
    Fax: 0511.3837146
    - Department of Telecommunications & Information
    Add: 15 Quang Trung Road, Da Nang City
    Tel: 0511.3840123
    Fax: 0511.3840125
     
    NATURAL CONDITION OF DA NANG
    Geographical position
     It borders Thua Thien – Hue Province to the north, Quang Nam Province to the south and west, and looks out on the Eastern Sea to the east.
    The city is in the middle of the country, on the north – south road, rail, sea and air routes. It is 764km far from Hanoi on the north Capital and 964km far from Ho Chi Minh City on the south. In addition, Danang is in the central point of the three well –known world cultural heritages, including Hue ancient capital, Hoi an ancient town and My Son Holy Land and Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Forest.
     Topography
    Danang’s topography is a combination of mountains and coastal plains, with high sloping mountains dominating the north and northwest. There are some ranges running into the sea.
    Mountains with a height of 700-1,500m and slopes of more than 400 account for the largest area, and are watersheds that protect the city ecology.  The coastal plains are low-lying salty plains, where the major agricultural, industrial, service and military bases as well as residential land and functional offices of the city are located.
     Climate
     Da Nang is influenced by the typical tropical monsoon climate. Da Nang’s climate is a transition and mixture of the North and South’s climate with the dominant character, which is typical tropical climate of the South Vietnam. There are 2 distinctive seasons including rainy season (August - December) and dry season (January - July). Several winter cold spells may appear there, but do not last long.
     The annually temperature is about 25.90C on average. The average humidity is 83.4 per cent. The city receives about 2,504.57 mm of rainfall annually. The annual average sunny time is 1,965.6 hours.
     
    PROJECTS CALLING FOR FOREIGN DIRECT  INVESTMENT INTO DA NANG PROVINCE
    - Industry
     
    Rubber, plastic, chemicals industries
    Project title: Plastic Product Manufacturing
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 5-8 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign owned
    Project title: Leatherete cloth and plastic raincoat cloth manufacturing plant
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 10 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign owned
    Project title: Manufacturing of  fiberglass reinforced water pipe
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: 7,000-10,000 tons per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign owned
    Project title: Manufacturing of motorbike parts
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 3-5 million
    Investment form: Joint-venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of materials and medical equipment
    Location: Da Nang Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: 250 tons off products per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of sport instruments
    Location: Da Nang Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: 500,000 products per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of high-grade perfume and cosmetics
    Location: Da Nang Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 3-5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Soda manufacturing plant
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of industrial gas
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 10 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of assorted glues
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 0,5-1 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of welding rods
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: 1,000 tons per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
     
    Mechanical Industry
    Project title: Manufacturing of equipment and tools in service of agricultural production
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 2-5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of equipment and parts of main machine (shaper, mill, grinder,..)
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 5-10 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of metal parts for civil porcelain factories
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 5-7 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of metal moulds for the plastics industry
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 2-5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of civil inox products
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: 600 tons products per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of metal household aplliances
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: 300 tons products per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: FRP ship building
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 3 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of high-grade fire fighting equipment
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 2-5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of pressure equipment (boiler, tank,…)
    Location: Hoa Khanh Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
     
    Footwear and garment industry
    Project title: Industrial garment
    Location: Da Nang City
    Projected specifications: US$ 3-5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of export footwear
    Location: Da Nang Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 3-5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Garment and footwear accessories plant
    Location: Da Nang Industrial Park or Khanh Hoa Industrial Zone
    Projected specifications: US$ 5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Export silk factory
    Location: Da Nang City
    Projected specifications: 500,000 meters of silk per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Knitwear factory
    Location: Da Nang Industrial Park or Khanh Hoa Industrial Zone
    Projected specifications: 5,000 tons per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
     
    Other industries
    Project title: Growing and processing of exportable mushroom
    Location: Hoa Vang district
    Projected specifications: 600 tons of fresh mushroom per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Exportable Fishery Processing Factory
    Location: Tho Quang Aquaculture Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: 5,000 tons per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Vegetable oil plant
    Location: Tho Quang Ward
    Projected specifications: 2,000 tons per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Poultry breeding and processing
    Location: Da Nang City
    Projected specifications: US$ 15 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Shrimp and fish feed processing
    Location: Hoa Vang district
    Projected specifications: 10,000 tons per year
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of export fine arts and handicrafts
    Location: Da Nang City
    Projected specifications: US$ 1-2 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Manufacturing of high-grade carton cardboards
    Location: Da Nang Industrial Park or Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 2 million
    Investment form: Joint venture or wholy foreign funded
    Project title: Production of high-grade stationery and school instruments
    Location: Da Nang Industrial Park
    Projected specifications: US$ 50 million
    Investment form: Joint venture
    - Tourism & service
    Project title: Building of hotel complex and high-grade services
    Location: 24 Tran Phu, Da Nang City
    Projected specifications: US$ 50 million
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Ba Na Tourist Site
    Location: Ba Na Mountain
    Projected specifications: 02 hotels, 60 bungalows, mountain climbing, hunting, zoos, flower garden, and motorails.
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Nam O sea tourism site
    Location: Nam O, Lien Chieu District
    Projected specifications: 01 hotel with 150 rooms, villas, restaurants, swimming pools, tennis court
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Van village tourist site
    Location: Nam O, Lien Chieu District
    Projected specifications: five-star resort, sea leisure services, and mountain climbing etc.
    Investment form: Joint venture
     
    Project title: Tan Tra tourist site
    Location: Ngu Hanh Son District
    Projected specifications: 02 hotels with 500 rooms, tennis, swimming pools, souvenir shop,…
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Northern Marble Mountains’ tourism site
    Location: Norther Non Nuoc tourism site
    Projected specifications: 70 hectares, US$ 50 million
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Dong Hai tourist site
    Location: Dong Hai, Non Nuoc, Ngu Hanh Son District
    Projected specifications: 6 hectares, US$ 7-10 million
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Southern Non Nuoc tourist site
    Location: Southern Non Nuoc Hotel, Ngu Hanh Son District
    Projected specifications: 50 hectares, US$ 35 million
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Pham Van Dong street sea tourist site
    Location: Pham Van Dong Street, Son Tra District
    Projected specifications: 05 hectares, US$ 40 million
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Sea creature museum
    Location: Son Tra ward
    Projected specifications: 20 million USD
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: 2/9 Street Recreation Area
    Location: 2/9 street, Hai Chau District
    Projected specifications: 5 hectares, US$ 2-5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Hoa Ninh Golf Course
    Location: Hoa Ninh Commune, Hoa Vang District
    Projected specifications: 100 hectares, US$ 10-20 million
    Investment form: Joint venture
    Project title: Hoa Ninh race course
    Location: Hoa Ninh commune, Hoa Vang District
    Projected specifications: 200 ha, 20 million USD
    Investment form: Joint-venture
    Project title: Bonded warehouse building and operation
    Location: Lien Chieu and Son Tra districts
    Projected specifications: US$ 5 million
    Investment form: Joint venture
     
    For further detailed information, please contact:
     
    Da Nang Investment Promotion Center
    Address: 70 Quang Trung, Da Nang City
    Phone: (84.511) 3886243-3886244
    Fax: (84-511) 3810056
     
     
     
    INDUSTRIAL PARKS OF DA NANG CITY
    + Da Nang Industrial Park
    Location: Son Tra District, 6 km south of Tien Sa Seaport, 5 km east of Da Nang International Airport, and nearly 2 km from Da Nang City’s centre.
    Initial area: 62.99 hectares
    Utilities: Comprehensive infrastructure, including electricity, water supply system, road, and communication.
    Priority sectors:
    -          Garment and textile (excluding dyeing)
    -          Leather shoes, handbags and leather or  leatherette products (exclusive of tanning)
    -          Production and assembling of electrical and electronic equipment
    -          Industrial products, food and beverages processing
    -          Packaging production and printing
    -          Production of handicrafts and jewelry
    -          Plastics production (excluding plastic grains)
    -          Trade services and investment support
    + Hoa Khanh Industrial Park
    Location: Hoa Khanh Ward, Lien Chieu District, 10 km from Da Nang International Airport, 20 km from Tien Sa Seaport, 13 km from the Han River, and 5 km from Lien Chieu Seaport.
    Initial area: 423.5 hectares
    Utilities: Comprehensive infrastructure, including electricity, water supply system, road, and communication.
    Priority sectors:
    -          Mechanics
    -          Electronics
    -          Garment
    -          Agricultural, forestry and fishery processing
    -          Packaging and plastics
    -          High-grade building materials.
    + Lien Chieu Industrial Park
    Location: Hoa Hiep Ward, Lien Chieu District, 15 km from Da Nang International Airport, 25 km from Tien Sa Seaport, 18 km from the Han River port, adjoining Lien Chieu Seaport and the southern exit gate of the Hai Van Pass Tunnel.
    Area: 373.5 hectares
    Utilities: Comprehensive infrastructure, including electricity, water supply system, road, and communication.
    Priority sectors:
    -          Heavy industries (steel and rubber etc.)
    -          Cement, chemicals, and construction materials etc.
    + Hoa Cam Industrial Park
    Location: Hoa Tho Commune, Hoa Vang District, 8 km from Da Nang City’s centre
    Area: 137 hectares
    Utilities: Infrastructure, including electricity, water supply system, road, andcommunication etc., is under construction.
    Priority sectors:
    -          Electronics
    -          Mechanics
    -          Assembling
    -          Agricultural and fishery processing
    -          Building materials industry
    -          High-grade interior decoration
    -          Other industries, such as plastics, packaging, and cosmetics.
    + Da Nang Fishery Service Industrial Park
    Location: Son Tra District, Da Nang City, 3.5 km from Da Nang City’s center, 2.5 km from Tien Sa Seaport, and 18.5 km from Lien Chieu Seaport.
    Area: 77.3 hectares
    Utilities: Infrastructure, including electricity, water supply system, road, and communication etc., is under construction
    Priority sectors: Fishery processing and logistics services.
    + Extended Hoa Khanh Industrial Park
    Location: Lien Chieu District, Da Nang City, 10 km from Da Nang International Airport, 20 km from Tien Sa Seaport, 13 km from the Han River Port, and 5 km from Lien Chieu Seaport  
    Area: 316.52 hectares
    Utilities: Comprehensive infrastructure, including electricity, water supply system, road, and communication.
    Priority sectors:
    -          Mechanics
    -          Assembling
    -          Electronics
    -          Garment
    -          Agricultural, forestry  and fishery processing
    -          Packaging and plastics
    -          High-grade building materials.
     
     
    For further detailed information, please contact:
    Da Nang  Management Board of Industrial Parks and Export Processing Zones
    Address: 58 Nguyen Chi Thanh St., Thach Quang Ward, Hai Chau District, Da Nang City
    Tel:  84 511  3810422;  3810652; 3830017
    Fax: 84.511 3830015
     
     
     
     
    DEVELOPEMT RESOURCES OF DA NANG CITY
    + Natural resource
    Land
    Da Nang covers an area of 1,255.53 km2, of which hilly land and islands constitute the majority.  The island district of Hoang Sa alone occupies 305km2. The city has a variety of soils, including sand-bank and coastal sandy land, alkaline soil, alum soil, alluvial land, infertile soil, grey soil, black soil, yellow-red soil, and yellow-red humus soil. Out of the area, there are kinds of land as follows:
    -         Forestry land: 514.21 km2;
    -         Agricultural land: 117.22 km2;
    -         Special used land (for industry, construction, irrigation, military, etc): 385.69 km2;
    -         Residential land: 30.79 km2;
    -         Idle land: 207.62 km2.
    Natural minerals
    ·         White sand is concentrated in Nam O with a reserve of roughly 5 million cubic meters
    ·         Granite: in Non Nuoc mountain
    ·         Đá xây dựng: đây là loại khoáng sản chủ yếu của thành phố, tập trung ở khu vực phía Tây, Bắc và Tây Nam thành phố.
    ·         Construction stone: construction stone is the main mineral, which is concentrated in northern, western and south-western areas of the city.
    ·         Construction sand and gravel: Sand in the beds of Vinh Dien, Tuy Loan, Yen, Cau Do, Cam Le, Cu De rivers, and gravel in Hoa Bac, Hoa Lien.
    ·         Clay: about 38 million cubic meters in reserve.
    ·         Mineral water: in Dong Nghe with a running capacity of 72 cubic meters per day
    ·         Especially, the continental shelf has an enormous potential of oil and gas resources.
    Forestry resource
    Forestry land in Da Nang occupies an area of 67,148 hectares, concentrated mainly in the west and the north-west of the city, including three kinds of forest:
    -         Special used forests: 22,745 hectares, including 15,933 hectares of forested area.
    -         Preventive forests: 20,895 hectares, including 17,468 hectares of forested area.
    -    Productive forests: 23,508 hectares, including 18,176 hectares of forested area.
    Most forests in Da Nang are located in the west of Hoa Vang District, while a few numbers of forests are situated in the districts of Lien Chieu, Son Tra, Ngu Hanh Son. At present, the city’s forest coverage rate stands at 49,6%, with timber reserves of about 3 million cubic meters primarily being distributed in areas of high slope and complex terrain.
     Water
    Da Nang boasts a coastline of 30 kilometers, Da Nang Bay blocked by the sides of Hai Van and Son Tra Mountains, and a deep water level, which is advantageous to the building of large harbors and several harbors for specific use.
    All rivers and streams in Da Nang rise from the west and northwest of the city and Quang Nam Province. Most of the rivers are short and sloppy. There are two main rivers, including Han River (204 km in length and about 5,180 sq. kilometers in the river valley area) and Cu De River (38 km in length and about 426 sq. kilometers in the river valley area). Additionally, there are other rivers across the city, namely the rivers of Yen, Chu Bai, Vinh Dien, Tuy Loan, and Phu Loc etc. Moreover, the city has in excess of 546 hectares of water surface suitable for aquaculture.
    + Human resource
    Da Nang’s total population is 752,200 people with a density of 599 people per sq. kilometer. The city’s working-age population accounts for 54 %. Skilled labor force makes up nearly 24 % of total working – age population. Intellectual staff of the city develops promptly in quantity
    + Infrastructure
     The city’s traffic system consists of four popular modes: road, railway, sea and aviation.
     Road: The total length of roads in the city is 382,583 km, including 70,865 km of national highway, 99,716 km of provincial road, 67 km of district’s road, and 181,672 km of internal road. The average road surface width is 08 m.
     Railway: The North-South rail route runs over 30 km across Da Nang City, with the terminals of Da Nang, Thanh Khe, Kim Lien, Hai Van Nam. Da Nang Railway Station is one of the largest stations in Vietnam.
    Sea: Given its central geographical position in the country, Da Nang’s sea transport is quite convenient. There are sea routes from here to the largest harbors in Viet Nam and in the world. The ports of Tien Sa and Han River are in a favorable location, best equipped and have a staff of skilled workers. Thus, Da Nang seaport is capable for the transportation of goods to destinations in the world.
     Aviation: Covering an area of 150 hectares with two runways (3,048 m in length and 45 m in width per each), Da Nang International Airport can accommodate advanced planes, such as B747, B767, and A320. There are 84 domestic flights and 6 international flights to Hong Kong and Thailand per week from the airport
    LANDSCAPES OF DA NANG
     
     Ba Na, Chua Mountain
     Located in Hoa Vang province, apart from Danang 40 kilometers to southwest, Ba Na – Mount Chua is 1,487 meters high over the sea level. Average temperature is from 17 to 20 degree Celsius.
    In Ba Na, there are four seasons in a day: spring in the morning, summer at noon, autumn in the afternoon, winter in the evening. From the top of the mountain, tourists can have a vast view of the sea, Danang city, rice fields spreading to the horizon. The Ba Na natural reservation zone has 544 sorts of high-level flora, 256 types of animals, 6 flora and 44 fauna of which are precious and have been recorded in Vietnamese Redbook according to the international standards.
    On Ba Na, tourists may have the feeling of being lost in clouds and smoke. Tourists may have different judgments on Ba Na depending on different factors and reasons, but all think that Ba Na is the ideal place for relaxing.
    Ba Na is a romantic site with the beauty of nature embellished by human hands. Looking down to Danang from the top of Ba Na, people may have ve the feeling that they are living in a different life with different emotions and happiness, which they can never enjoy in noisy urban areas.
     Five Elements Mountains
    Five Elements Mountains are seemingly familiar to everybody who heard about or has been in Danang City. They are so well known as a symbol of the area. Almost two hundred years ago, Minh Mang King had been there. He named the mountains, grottothhes and pagodas. Nobody knows why names such as Ngu Hanh Son (Five Elements Mountains), Huyen Khong, Hoa Liem, Lang Hu, Tang Chan, Van Nguyet, Thien Long put King deep in thought, despite of dwelling on to national development, the picturesque landscape of the mountains kept an important part in mind of the King as the pride of the beautiful land.
    Like other landscapes, these mountains have many different mysterious legends. The poetical ambience plus mysterious legends gives the mountains their own characters that it is difficult to find on other places. In ancient oriental philosophy; metal, wood, water, fire, earth were five elements that created the universe. Five is the paramount important number in oriental ways of thinking and lives. The coincidence of the five peaks: metal, wood, water, fire, earth makes their own mysterious.
    The natural grottoes and pagodas, both heaven-endowed and man-made create the harmonious beauty. The feature the attractive characters make tourists surprised and emotional on the way of traveling.
    On hot summer days, let us imagine you and your friends going up the 108 steps to Thuy Son peak, sitting at Vong Giang tower to admire green Truong Giang murmuring slightly in the sunset or standing on Vong Hai tower to look far to sandy beaches flirted by the sea waves. In the late afternoon, city dwellers rush to the seaside, fishermen group by group patiently push their boats offshore, and on the greasy paths leading to the grottoes and inside pagodas the sandalwood exhales its fragrance. Spending one day like that in Five Elements Mountains makes our life more beautiful and meaningful.
    Son Tra peninsula
    Son Tra is a special gift given by the God to Danang. It can be seen from every places of the city. With its sea-oriented appearance, Son Tra acts as a giant screen protecting Danang from storms and cyclones coming from the sea.
    10-km northeast of the city center is Son Tra Peninsula. It looks like a mushroom with its peak 693m above sea level. The cap of the mushroom is Son Tra Mountain and its stalk is the beautiful yellow sand-bank. Son Tra mountain is a natural preservation area with various kinds of plants and animals.
    On this mountain, there still remain many types of plants and several hundred kinds of fauna, including rare animal. The scenery is very attractive, it is said that fairies usually chose this place for landing, singing, dancing and playing chess. The name Tien Sa (Tien: Fairy, Sa: landing) is originated from that.
    From the top of the mountain, we can see the view of our beloved city, Five Elements Mountains, Ba Na – Mount Chua. It is an enjoyable and peaceful vista.
    Suoi Da stream lies by the side of the foot of the mountain, fine sandy surfaces run round the peninsula, several breaks of waves are running steadily up and down and washing up on the stones heaped up around the seaside. There it is quiet Bai But with groups of small, nice-looking houses, where people can sit for hours to hear the thunder of waves and view the slanginess on the far mount cliffs
    At the mount foot, there are colorful and graceful coral beaches suitable for the development of diving tourism.
     It is so majestic, romantic, and really beautiful. Stay one day at Son Tra, we can enjoy living in the resplendent flow of dawn and the quietness of twilight on this fascinating landscape. And that is a time for us to realize the value of each and every moment and the true calling of our hearts.
    Hai Van Pass – ‘the most grandiose gateway in the world’
    On a journey through the land, Hai Van is always an impressive landscape. Hai Van is highest pass in the country, full of perilous obstacles and is the last spur of the Truong Son Range reaching to the sea. In “Phu Bien Tap Luc”, Le Qui Don wrote that Hai Van with its foot standing in the sea surface and its summit covered with clouds. The pass standings as a borderline divide Thuan Hoa and Quang Nam province.
    In the XVI century this land belonged to Cham Kingdom and was given to the Dai Viet as an engagement present for the Princess Huyen Tran of the Tran Dynasty.
    On the top of the pass are the vestiges of long ago, a fortified gateway. The gate facing to Thua Thien province is inscribed with the three words “Hai Van gate” and the other gate looking down on Quang Nam province is engraved “the most grandiose gateway in the world”.
     Hai Van means winds and clouds. Winds like a herd of horses galloping a number of miles, clouds like pouring from haven. Cao Ba Quat, the poet living in the XVII century, who respected only apricot blossom, was surprised when he was before the landscape. On the summit of Hai Van pass, a panorama of the Danang city, Tien Sa port, Son Tra peninsular, Cu Lao Cham and a long white sandy beach can be seen.
    Time by time with the hands of human beings, whatever endowed by the nature will become the humanitarian values. Coming to Hai Van is coming to the interfere of two lands to satisfy the peak-conquering philosophy and mix ourselves into echo of heroic songs of Vietnamese ancients when they went to find new lands
    Beautiful beaches in Da Nang
    Danang has a coastline of 30 kilometres long, famous for many beautiful seashores stretching from the north to the south such as Nam O, Xuan Thieu, Thanh Binh, Tien Sa, Son Tra, My Khe, Bac My An, Non Nuoc... in which international tourists came for convalescence and relaxation, recognised as the most ideal beaches of the region.
    Danang has calm seas with green water during four seasons, not being polluted with 60% salination and high safety. Several seashores have coral, abundant plants and creatures along bankside and under the sea. Especially, most beaches are next to the city centre, in roads easy to come and by various means of transport. The sea water is cool with little waves so tourists can bath all year's round, especialy in summer from May to August. The beaches in Danang City have hotels, pleasure-housea, and various abundant services, creating favourable conditions for tourists to relax on the seashores. Most beaches are convenient for development of kinds of services for tourists such as fishing, water-skiing, diving, yatch race.
    The safeguard team of Danang seashores works from 5 a.m to 8 p.m every day to ensure safety for tourists to bath and relax on the seashores
    Non Nuoc beach
    With green water and white sand at the foot of the Five Elements Mountains, Non Nuoc beach stretches 5 km in Hoa Hai Ward of Ngu Hanh Son District
    Non Nuoc beach has wave, climate and salinity suitable for several kinds of sea sports especially surfing. In 1993, an international surfing competition was held here with the participation of 40 foreign athletes from all over the world.    
    At Non Nuoc beach, besides convalescence and bathing, tourists can visit the Five Elements Mountains with ancient pagodas and sacred monumental caves, go around the stone handicraft villages right at the foot of the Five Elements ountains or travel by boat on the Co Co river to enjoy peacefulness of the Five Elements Mountains.
    Non Nuoc fine art village
    Perhaps no one comes to the Five Marble Mountains without paying a call on the Hoa Hai Fine Arts Village, where nationwide and worldwide famous marble handicraft works are produced.
    Mr. Le Ben, an over-70-year-old craftsman, told us that the trade village of his country has a three or four-hundred-year history. This is affirmed by some steles which still remain at some ancient pagodas in the Quang Nam area. Currently, there is a temple of the “Marble Fine Arts Founders” at the well-known spot of the Five Marble Mountains, and many ancestor anniversary activities take place largely in this village on the sixth day of the first lunar month every year.
    Many gardens of statues have their back to the mountains. So, the overall artistic spaces of these gardens are arranged skillfully thanks to the outside landscape. Visitors will be very interested in and surprised by the artistic stone works exhibited here.
    Polished statues, lively toy animals, and petite and sophisticated presents with both traditional and modern motives that were produced here have been taken to most parts of the world by visitors.
    Lifeless stone has become a lively thing with the human spirit imbued into it by the craftsmen of the Non Nuoc Fine Arts Village. It is certain that this process takes place in many work stages, including extremely difficult ones. The happiness with the completed works, the admiration of connoisseurs and also the benefits from the job have united the people of this fine arts village in their careers.
     
     
    Cam Ne mat village, which is 14 km to the south - west of the center of Danang city, belongs to Hoa Tien village, Hoa Vang district, Danang city. Cam Ne mats were used in the royal palace of Nguyen Dynasty. The artists of Cam Ne village were honored and rewarded by the kings.
    According to the old people of this village, mat craft is originated from Hoang Hoa, Thanh Hoa province. It was handed down to the people in the south in the 15th century when Le Thanh Tong won Chiem Thanh and merged Do Ban into Quang Nam - Da Nang. From that moment till now, having suffered from the ups and downs, the separation of the war, the competition of the imported nylon mat, Cam Ne village still exists peacefully.
    With the raw materials like sedge, and the delicate knitting frame, the artists of Cam Ne have made many flowered sedge mats of all sizes with beautiful designs to meet the demands of the market in the north and the south. The Came Ne mats is much thicker, better, softer than the ones in other places. Especially in the hot summer, lying on the Cam Ne mats, you will feel cool, and in the winter, you will feel warm with the pure fragrance of sedge.
    The Cam Ne mat Village is near the peaceful rivers, Yen Ne "nong ro" village, La Bong conical hat village.
     
     
     
    Phong Nam village, which is 10 km to the south - west of the center of Danang city - near the first Avenue (1A), belongs to Hoa Chau , Hoa Vang district. It is among very few villages that still remain the features of the traditional villages of Viet Nam like the green fields surrounded with the bamboos, the paths, the simple houses and the lifestyles of the farmers.
    Phong Nam village occupies a large surface of Hoa Chau including Nam Thanh, Tay A, Dong Hoa, Bau Cau. Visiting Phong Nam, the tourists will enjoy the peaceful feelings, the pure fragrance of green grass in the wind and the splashing waves of the romantic riverside village. The tourists must feel enjoyable when visiting the river watering place in Dong Hoa (Xom Hen) which was famous for the shell catching and the words "Dong Hoa ban hen mua trau" (Dong Hoa sells shells to buy buffalos) or visiting the old temple under the big banyan tree of the Tay An (Xom Dong) river watering place.
    Phong Nam was just only a south part of the large Phong Le village which is famous for its long history. It is the place that was soon exploited from the Cham period. In the Tran, Le dynasty, Phong Le used to belong to Dien Ban district. There are many Cham remains, which are now exhibited in Cham Museum- Danang city, found in Phong Le village. Phong Nam is attractive because of its old architectural works like the pagodas, the regional cathedrals, etc. The village schools, markets are also the interesting places.
    Phong Le used to be famous for Muc Dong Festival (the festivals for the children keeping buffalos). This is the festival only for the children keeping the buffalos. It is the festival to honor the importance of agriculture and to long for the better crops.
     
    Pastor festival is the festival for the children keeping buffalos. It used to be held in Phong Le village, Hoa Chau, Hoa Vang district, Danang city.
    According to Mr Ngo Tan Nha, a ninety - year old man of Phong Le village, Pastor festival used to hold once every 3 years in turns of years Ty (mouse), Ngo (horse), Meo (cat), Dau (hen). Then it used to be held once every 6 years and later once every 12 years. The last time it was held is in the 11th Bao Dai year (1936).
    Once upon a time, there was the grassland in Phong Le village. One day, when a man drove the ducks to the grassland, they were trapped. It was rumoured that it was the God that held the ducks and nobody dared to get there. Then they named the grassland 'con THAN' (deity’s hillock). One  day, there was some buffalos lost in the grassland and the children got there to find them and nothing happened. Therefore, it was thought that the God just allowed the children who keeping the buffalos. This strange story leaded to the festival for the children keeping buffalos called 'PASTOR' festival.
    In the last week of March (Lunar Calendar), after fishing their farming work, people begin to prepare for the festival. They choose the men in charge of the festival, prepare 2 sedan chairs decorated with flowers, fruits as well as choose 4 healthy children in formal clothes to carry the sedan chairs. Beside the small flags of the children, there were big flags of 13 families. A tree branch which is put across the hole of 5 metres long big flagstaff to hang the symbols of 'tu linh'(dragon, unicorn, tortoise, phoenix) and 'tu nghe' ('si' - education, 'nong' - agriculture, 'cong' - craft, 'thuong' - trade) as well as the tools like the grub - axe, shovel, etc.
    In the afternoon of 29th March (lunar calendar) is the 'dao dong' ceremony. It is the time that the people living far away gather at home. The children carry flags walking around the fields to pray for better crops.
    'le ruoc' begin in the early morning of the 30th. After offering the incense sticks, praying, Master pastor (the person in charge of pastors - children keeping buffalos) in formal clothes goes slowly to the back hall to pray and takes the tablet of Agriculture God leveling his brows and puts it on the sedan chair. The sedan chair is decorated like the 'ruoc than' one with the size of 80x100 cm and 4 roofs. The curtain is decorated with flowers and lanterns.
    People queue in lines, and all the children look at the main hall praying 3 times. The parade goes across the village paths carrying many flags to 'CON THAN' (deity’s hillock) in the music of “Bat am” (octet). At 'CON THAN' (deity’s hillock), the sedan chair is lowered down and “Trum Muc” (Master pastor) sitting on the flowered mat between 2 lines to torches looking upon the sky prayed. After praying, “Trum Muc” (Master pastor) puts 2 coins into the disk to ask for 'keo'. One coin is upward and the other is downward which means the God come.
    The children follow “Trum Muc” (Master pastor) to and fro shouting and carrying flags.
     
     
    Hoa My which appeared on the map of our country in 1825 (the fifth Minh Mang) now belongs to Hoa My, Hoa Minh ward, Lien Chieu District, Danang city. The festival is held every year on the 12th January (lunar calendar) to remind the young people of the tradition "uong nuoc nho nguon" and to draw out what they have done successfully and what they should do in the next year. Because of the war, the festival was not held for along time. Since 1994, the festival has been held.
    Hoa My village festival lasts for 1 day and a half. The ceremony which is held according to the traditional form consists of "le vong" and "le hoi ky". PHAN HOI including traditional and modern games has formed the typical features of the festival. At the beginning of the festival is the traditional racing which attracts the participation of many farmers, the youth. While the young people take part in flower-arranging, bake making competition, the old ones perform some physical exercises, and sing “bai choi”.
    There are many spectators around the traditional games like "keo co", "dap om"...because of their summer atmosphere. The entire ward group, the families and the organizations can sit together in the culture exchange meeting to discuss the experiences of the simple life to help each other live better. The adaptation of "tuong" together with musical performance is combination of traditional and modern features.
    The village festival held in Hoa My is the typical feature of the spiritual life of Danang citizens.
     
     
    From Danang, 15 kilometres to the south - west along the 14 B street is the old village named after the river along Tuy Loan. The worshipping house’s Stella of the five families says that five predecessors of the five families Dang, Lam, Nguyen, Tran, Le were called for going to Binh Chiem to widen the country by King Le Thanh Ton. They chose this place, which was named Tuy Loan, to build village to make the living.
    Thanks to its good position, it is the meeting point of the waterways and roadways. Tuy Loan has developed strongly, prosperously. Tuy Loan market has nearly all the specialties of the region such as the wood products from the west, fish and fish soup from Hoi An, Da Nang, the conical hats and "nong ro" from Cam Ne, Yen Ne...
    The Tuy Loan village temple was built in the first Thanh Thai year (1889). There is a chronicle of 3-time doctor Nguyen Khue - Thanh Tri - Ha Noi that says the event of building this temple on the stellar in the village.
    The temple includes one forecourt, one main hall made of valuable wood and roofed with tiles. In front of the yard are the pillar, the screen that look bright. Moreover, the house was built to worship the ancestors. The surface of the temple and the worshipping house is 8,008 m2. Over one century, all still maintain its status quo under the bunya tree. On the 11th , 12th of August (lunar calendar) every year, there is a big anniversary in the village.
    The 500 years old village on the good transportation place must be an interesting place for the tourists. The tourists that visit Ba Na, Dai Loc should stop at Tuy Loan to visit the old village, go sightseeing around the market on the watering place, enjoy the delicious Quang noodles and Tuy Loan "banh trang" to make their trip much more interesting.
     
     
    Avalokitecvara festival is celebrated every year at the Beautiful landscape of the Marble Mountains of Danang city. It was first celebrated in 1960 on the opening of Bo Tat Quan The Am statue in Hoa Nghiem cavern, Thuy Son mountain, the west of Ngu Hanh Son. After 2 years, the festival was celebrated on the opening of Avalokitecvara pagoda, Quan Am cavern where they found a stalactite whose shape is like Avalokitecvara. After that, due to some reasons, the festival was not celebrated for a long time until the Avalokitecvara spirit anniversary on 19th February, 1991 (Tan Mui Year). After that, the festival is held on the 19th February (Lunar Calendar) every year with a bigger size and better content.
    Avalokitecvara festival lasts for 3 days including: PHAN LE VA PHAN HOI
    PHAN LE: Buddha features....
    - Le ruoc anh sang: It is often held in the evening of the 18th including torch parade, sedan chair parade, lion dance, dragon dance to pray for the leading of the light which means bright mind in Buddhism. The bright mind will accompany with good soul and personality and help people do more charities.
    - Le khai kinh: it is often held in the early morning of the 19th to pray for the peaceful and prosperous life.
    - Le trai dan chan te: it is often held in the morning of the 19th to pray for the peace of the soul and worship the ten creatures. The Buddhists often send the list of their dead relatives to the pagoda to pray for the peace of their souls. There must be a Buddhist with high position to carry out the ceremony.
    -The lecture about Bodhisattva Avalokitecvara and the people: it is often held in the morning of the 19th to praise the good soul of Bodhisattva Avalokitecvara and to pray for the peaceful and prosperous life.
    - Avalokitecvara's statue parade: It is often held after the above ceremony at 10am, 19th. There are 4 persons who carry the sedan chair with the Buddha’s statue go first and the Buddhists follow them. The sedan chair is carried from the pagoda to the small boat on Cau Bien river (one branch of Co Co river. The main aim of he ceremony is to pray for the safety and prosperity of the fishermen. Apart from the above ceremony, there is also a spring ceremony to worship the wood, water genies to pray for the peaceful and prosperous life. It is often held in the evening in the 18th. During this ceremony, the old men of the Hoa Hai ward, Hoa Quy district in the formal clothes carrying flags, torches, lanterns go first and the music band with drums and gongs follows them. After the ceremony and the funeral oration, the old men will lead the parade to Cau Bien riverbank to open the light festival and then from Avalokitecvara pagoda, they go around the streets and Non Nuoc villages to Non Nuoc tourism resort and to the ceremony stand after 2 km walk.
    PHAN HOI: There are many traditional and modern cultural-sport activities such as disguise festival, folk songs, chest, painting, music, sculpture competition, "tu linh" dance, tuong, etc. There are also many cultural activities such as calligraphy and Chinese ink painting museum, the eloquence contest about the Marble Mountains, vegetarian diet cooking competition, etc.
    The festival held at good natural place has attracted many pilgrimage and the tourists from many different regions to the west of the Marble Mountains. On the village common, people play the traditional game called "keo co". You can also hear the shouting of the people who joined the regattas in Co Co River. When the night falls, the festival is more attractive with many colors and sounds. After the performance  “Ngu Hanh Son legend" at the main stage is the torch parade across the main streets of Ngu Hanh Son district. The Buddhists put their wishes into the small light lanterns and them onto the river to pray for the long lasting bright mind. With many traditional culture and sport activities, Avalokitecvara festival is the religious one but very popular in the people's life. It has restored and developed the traditional characteristics of the Vietnamese. Avalokitecvara festival is held to pray for the peaceful and prosperous life and to give people the opportunity to live better in the summer atmosphere.
     
     
    Ca Ong festival, which is also called Whale festival, is the biggest festival of the fishermen of Danang city. They worship the Whale not only because it is their respect for the Gods but also because it is related to the prosperity of the whole village. "Mr." is the honorable name that fishermen call the whale because they usually save the fishermen from the accidents. Every time the whales drift on the shore (fishermen called them "ong luy"). The person who first finds out him will be the chairman and be in charge of the funeral of this whale. Every year, after TET holidays, the fishermen held the festival to worship the whales in the form of Cau Ngu festival. In Danang, Cau Ngu festival is often held on the coastal areas like Man That, Tho Quang, Thanh Loc Dan, Xuan Ha, Hoa Hiep etc.
    The festival lasts for 2 days in the middle of the March (Lunar Calendar). The first day is a secondary ceremony; the second is a main carnival. During the festival, the altar is decorated brightly and solemnly. In every family, they put the offerings on the altars. They decorated their ships with flowers and lanterns. The village chooses the group including the old, good men whose families do not have funeral to carry out the festival. The chairman gives the offerings (the offerings must not be sea products) and read aloud the oration to show the gratitude for the will of the whale and to pray for the safe sea journey, prosperous and peaceful life.
    In the early morning of the next day, the village people beat the drums to carry out "le ruoc". In some regions, they carry out this ceremony from one village to another to show their solidarity. All the ships set off to the definite place and the chairman begin to ask for "keo" Ngu Ong festival is to prove the fishermen's respect and gratitude for the whales. In the midnight of that day, the village people hold "chanh te" including "le khai mo", and the group of pupils offers the incense-burner.
    PHAN HOI, it depends on their conditions, each region has its own way of holding the festival. However, the festival usually includes the traditional games of the coastal regions such as regatta, swimming competition, football matches etc. The musical program includes ‘tuong’, ‘ho khoan’ singing and ‘ba trao’ singing which is the typical music form of Cau Ngu festival (ba: nam, trao: cheo do). They are to express the solidarity among the fishermen of the same ship that helps them overcome the obstacles and to catch a lot of fishes.

    L.Giang
    Source: www.mpi.gov.vn
     
     

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