Friday, October 20,2017 - 15:34 GMT+7  Việt Nam EngLish 

Son La province 

 Thursday, August 17,2017

AsemconnectVietnam - To exploit, mobilize all resources, potentials and advantages of human resources, land, water and other natural resources through suitable mechanisms and policies to perform investment restructure, renovate growth model to make a breakthrough on socio-economic development.


I. Development viewpoints
1. Master plan on socio-economic development of Son La province to 2025 must be in consistent with strategy of socio-economic development of the whole country, master plan on socio-economic development of northern midland and mountainous regions; ensuring uniformity, consistency with plans of fields and sectors of the country.
2. To exploit, mobilize all resources, potentials and advantages of human resources, land, water and other natural resources through suitable mechanisms and policies to perform investment restructure, renovate growth model to make a breakthrough on socio-economic development.
3. To develop and build brand of major products having high quality and competitiveness in domestic and foreign markets; promoting research, development and building mutual cluster of agricultural products, tourism and energy to exploit, use effectively land in Moc Chau, Muong La ... system of water resource of Da river, hydropower reservoirs.
4. Economic development associates with implementation of social progress and equality to reduce promptly and sustainably poverty; gradually improving quality of life of the people, declining living standard difference residential classes and among regions in the province, implementing well ethnic policy and policies on natural resource tax, development of difficult border area.
5. Socio-economic development must associate closely with ensuring national defense and security and maintaining social order and security, protecting ecological environment and food hygiene safety, strengthening special friendship relation of Vietnam - Laos.
II. Development objectives
1. Overall objectives
To promote democracy and power of unification of ethnic minority to build Son La province to become developing province in northern midland and mountainous region, striving to become center of northwest sub-region in 2025 on basis of economic restructure, renovating growth model to exploit potential and advantages of northwest region.
To attract high quality investment with key projects, building synchronously system of transport, urban infrastructure associating with comprehensive development of socio-culture; focusing on developing high-quality human resources, building brand of key products to join commodity value chain; actively reducing poverty and at the same time, ensuring national defense and security, social order and social safety and hygiene, environment.
2. Specific objectives:
2.1. Economic:
- In a period to 2020, average growth rate hits 11.5%/year, in a period of 2020-2025, achieving 8.5%/year.
- By 2020: Income per capita reaches $ 1,000/year; economic structure of agriculture, industry - construction and services are 37%, 25%, 38%, respectively; grain output reaches 59.500 tons; total amount of development investment capital in the province reaches VND 65,000 billion; the State budget collection reaches VND 11.000 billion; labour productivity is VND 41.6 million/person/year.
- By 2025: Income per capita reaches VND 1,800/year; economic structure of agriculture, industry - construction and services are 32.5%, 28.5%, 39%, respectively; grain output reaches 57,900 tons; total amount of development investment capital in the province reaches VND 90,000 billion; the State budget collection hits VND 22.000 billion; labor productivity is VND 62.9 million/person/year.
2.2. Society
- By 2020: population growth rate is 1.72% per / year; rate of trained workers is over 30%; rate of malnourished children under 5 years old is 18.5%; rate of sick-beds per 10,000 people is 23 beds; rate of poverty household falls 2% - 3%; 95% of households uses living, production electricity; becoming a center of education - training in northwest region; having 17 communes hitting 14-18 new countryside criteria.
- 2025: average rate of population growth is 1.59%/year; rate of trained workers is 52%; rate of malnourished children under 5 years is 10%; rate of sick beds per 10,000 people is 26 beds; reducing poverty household rate from 2% - 3%; rate of households using living, production electricity is 98%; being educational and training center in northwest region; preserving and promoting cultural heritage of Thai ethnic Thai and other ethnic groups.
2.3. Infrastructure systems:
- To develop synchronously system of transportation, reaching 0.91 km/km2 in 2025; by 2020, 75% of communes have roads to communal centers and reaches 100% in 2025; focusing on building urban system, especially major city and towns: Son La city, Moc Chau town, Hat Lot town.
- To promote investment in building basic infrastructure in rural areas, special giving priority to poor communes in remote area, border areas and hydropower resettlement areas.
2.4. Environmental protection:
- By 2020: raising forest coverage to 45.7%; rate of households using clean water is 85%; rate of urban living waste collection reaches 100%; ensuring food hygiene and safety.
- By 2025: raising forest coverage to 55%; 100% of units causing serious environmental pollution will be handled; rate of households using clean water is 90%.
III. Breakthrough
1. Mechanisms and policies: studying specific conditions of Son La province to promulgate policies on hydropower tax, forest environmental fee, policies on bartering land, old headquarters for infrastructure into reality, actively implementing PPP investment policy, policies on supporting mountainous enterprise of producing and trading key products.
2. Human resource development, attraction: giving priority to investing in construction of training center in northwest region include northwestern university, vocational training colleges and vocational training centers, developing strongly high quality human resources through training, associating human resource attraction with implementing well agricultural encouragement.
3. Development of infrastructure: developing key urban areas, key transport system to coordinate and connect effectively with localities in the region and building area of producing and trading key commodities (mutual cluster, industrial parks, tourism zones).
IV. Development orientations of fields, sectors
1. Development orientation of agriculture, forestry and fisheries:
- To strive to hit growth rate of 4.2%/year in a period to 2020 and 3.3%/year in a period to 2025. Developing diversified, sustainably toward commodity production in association with consumption market ; renovating organizational model of production space, growth model in order to improve competitiveness of key products which participates in value chain and ensure food security objectives.
- Agriculture: developing belt area of green vegetables, fruits and flowers under concentrated model in potential areas associating with production of key commodities to serve demand of the people and for exports; promoting development of area of growing industrial trees such as trees of tea, coffee, rubber, sugarcane, cotton to create new position and power. Focusing on building mutual clusters of high-quality agricultural products (milk and all kinds of milk products, tea and all kinds of tea products, high quality fish, flowers and all kinds of fruits) in Moc Chau, striving to help Son La province become source of supplying material, commodities in value chain of agricultural commodities in Vietnam.
To develop commodity livestock with economic value, including cattle, pigs lean, baba, sturgeon, prawn, chicken, duck ... to supply to consumption market on basis of taking advantage of mountainous province having large grazing area, source of food ingredients.
- Forestry: managing sustainably forest resources, focusing on building protective forest system of Hoa Binh hydropower factory, Son La hydropower factory, Ma river watershed, at the same time, conserving and developing sustainably special used forest areas of Xuan Nha, Sop Cop, Co Pia, Ta Xua. Promoting regeneration of natural forest, combining forest regeneration with supplementary planting; encouraging development of production forest systems, focusing on raw material forest and at the same time, constructing forestry products processing facilities. Focusing on perfecting, implementing policy on forest environment fee collection to contribute to poverty reduction and sustainable hydropower development.
- Fisheries: exploiting, using and protecting effectively aquatic area in major river, hydroelectric reservoirs, irrigation reservoirs and pond of the people to develop high quality aquatic products. Developing cold water fish such as high quality salmon, sturgeon high ... in some areas having suitable natural conditions such as Son La hydropower reservoir and some cold water springs in Moc Chau ....
2. Development of industry and handicraft
To strive to achieve growth rates of 12.5%​​/year in a period to 2020 and 12.3%/year in a period to 2025. Focusing on investment in developing key products having potential and advantages associating with technological innovation and management improvement in order to increase their value.
To develop some key industries such as electricity and hydropower, processing of high quality agricultural products, processing animal feed, production of cement and building materials, exploiting and processing minerals, garments...
To develop industry on basis of comprehensive development of human resources and infrastructure; in short term, giving priority to develop Mai Son industrial park, industrial clusters, agricultural product mutual clusters (processing high quality agricultural products, forestry products) and services clusters associating with completion of projects of wastewater and solid waste treatment. Upgrading Mai Son cement factory, Chieng Sinh cement factory with environmentally friendly technologies, producing construction materials such as roofing, brick factory, steel frames, construction stone; gradually building Muong La steel zone.
3. Development of trade and services
To striving to achieve growth rates of 14.3%/year in a period to 2020 and reaches 9.2%/year in a period to 2025.
- Trade and services: investing in constructing Son La, Moc Chau to become centers of trade and services in northwest region, providing service of training, healthcare, telecommunications, trade ....
To develop synchronously market systems, giving priority to ensure basic demand for ethnic minority in border areas, highland area and at the same time, fulfilling strongly solutions to combat illicit trafficking, especially trafficking of drugs.
To develop international trade, service on basis of upgrading international border gate of Long Sap, Moc Chau and border gates of Chieng Khuong, Song Ma to tap potential and strengthening special friendship relation of Vietnam - Laos.
- Tourism: renovating policies on tourism investment, management in order to attract big tourism firms to invest in and cooperate, striving to build brand of tourism products in Moc Chau;
To form and develop tourism route of Hanoi – Tay Bac - Laos - Thailand to encourage development of tourism products such as cultural, historical tourism, ecological tourism, resort tourism, sport tourism...
4. Social fields
4.1. Education - training
To improve quality of education and expanding scale of school, increasing investment in building infrastructure, raising teacher’s qualifications under national standards and diversifying forms of training, facilitating learning opportunities for everyone associating with promoting movement of building a learning society.
To strive to help Son La province to become a center of human resource education and training in northwest region with a key factor of northwestern University, forming a system of schools of training high quality human resources to meet demand of shifting labor in localities in the region. Implementing universalization of primary education at level 2, striving to hit national standards of preschool education for children 5 years old in 2020.
4.2. Health and healthcare protection
To develop gradually modern and synchronous health systems; striving to help Son La province to become a health center in northwest region to meet high, diversity demand on healthcare of the people in the region;
To continue to investing in upgrading hospitals, especially northwest general hospital with scale of ​​500 beds, medical centers, healthcare facilities at provincial, district and communal level as well as preventive medicine system, improving qualifications, medical ethic of medical staff.
To promoting socialization of medical work, encouraging and creating favorable conditions for all economic sectors to involve, invest in developing health services to serve the people, socio-economic development.
4.3. Culture and sports
To build healthy culture with imbued national identity, preserving and promoting cultural heritage of Thai ethnic, contributing to development of tourism, improving spiritual life of ethnic minority in the province; focusing on invest in systems of sync cultural institutions at all levels.
To boost socialization of sport, focusing on investing in developing technical infrastructure and training high performance athletes. Launching a mass movement of sport exercise and developing ethnic entertainment sports, modern sports to contribute to raising stature and health of the people.
4.4. Poverty reduction and human resource development
- To implement uniform, comprehensively and effectively programs of hunger eradication and poverty reduction; building solutions and models of sustainable poverty reduction, creating favorable conditions for the poor to develop production; having policies to encourage enterprises to take part in vocational training and job creation for the poor.
- To focus on development of human resources at all levels, especially high-quality human resources; researching to renovate training, closely coordinating vocational training programs with enterprises in vocational training for workers, especially rural workers and laborer of fields of producing and trading key products.
To continue to implement agricultural encouragement work through vocational training for farmers, building demonstration model; having necessary support and training policies for those who want to move from agriculture field to other fields in process of transferring economic structure.
5. Development of infrastructure
5.1. Transport
- To develop transport infrastructure toward modern trends, strengthening inter-regional connections, large urban centers and important areas connection in the province to ensure safety cargo and passenger transport and ensure national defense security in highland, border regions. Specifically:
- Roads: in collaboration with Ministry of Transport to research, upgrade and renovate key national roads such as national road No.6, national road No.37, national road No.43, national road No.279, national road No.4G to Sop Cop and many provincial roads to make efficient connection and smooth transportation system in the province.
To develop system of rural roads and border patrol roads to ensure transport of highland areas, remote and border areas in all 4 seasons. Renovating policies to manage transport and develop effectively transport services;
- Waterways: improving gradually waterway networks, exploiting effectively waterway transport, travel on Da river.
- Airports: investing to change function of Na San airport to serve national defense and security and social order, safety.
5.2. Power supply
To invest in construction of power plants and electricity distribution networks and at the same time, exploiting, managing effectively these systems in order to provide enough electricity for consumption, trade and production.
To focus on developing rural electricity grids; promptly completing 500KV station (Pi Tong), 220kV station (Muong Bang) and putting into use to meet demand for power supply.
5.3. Information communication
To construct synchronously infrastructure of post, telecommunications, focusing on development along national road No.6; improving quality and diversifying services.
To modernize and expand network in parallel with application of modern technologies, ensuring information security to meet requirements of socio-economic development.
5.4. Water supply, drainage and sanitation
To invest in construction of system of water supply, sewerage, primarily in urban areas and areas of producing and trading key commodities.
To invest in construction and put into operation industrial wastewater treatment zones and solid waste treatment zones, ensuring national standards.
5.5. Irrigation
To invest in upgrading and solidifying synchronously system of canals, ensuring that by 2015, basically supplying enough water for irrigation in basin areas of rivers of Da, Ma.
At the same time, exploiting effectively semi-submerged hydropower lake; focusing on construction of small and medium-sized irrigation projects for border areas, remote areas.
6. Protecting environment and natural resources
To exploit, use effectively and sustainably land resources, water, forest especially biodiversity, minerals to serve efficient and sustainable socio-economic development by 2025.
To focus on solving core environmental issues such as water balance, degradation, land waste, biodiversity, air and solid waste in industrial and agricultural production, service and urban development.
7. National defense and security.
- To strengthening and consolidate national defense and security and ensure social order and safety, particularly in border areas; continuing to promote synergy of the whole political system in order to build an all people defense combining with the people's security posture.
- To build and implement successfully defense plans, managing strictly reserve forces to ensure quantity and quality; closely linking with socio-economic development plans in each locality and ensuring peace and friendship border areas.
V. Orientation on organizing development space
1. Development of socio economic space.
1.1. Region along national road No.6: mainly locating on districts of Moc Chau, Yen Chau and Mai Son, Son La city and part of Thuan Chau and Van Ho districts.
Key development orientation: becoming main driving force in northwest economic corridor, a center of northwest regions and province of Son La on high quality services and agriculture, industry. Specifically, focusing on building Son La city with key urban areas; Moc Chau town with tourism zones and mutual agricultural cluster; Hat Lot town to generate economic growth engine for the province. Early forming northwest service center to provide service of tourism, education and training (northwestern university), health care (regional general hospital); developing high quality agricultural goods through mutual agricultural cluster; manufacturing industrial goods, handicrafts; adjusting administrative boundaries of Moc Chau district to become Van Ho district and Moc Chau district associating with building new administrative area in Van Ho commune, expanding administrative boundaries of Son La city down to south.
1.2. Da river region: mainly locating on districts of Muong La, Bac Yen, Phu Yen, Quynh Nhai and a part on districts of Mai Son, Thuan Chau and Moc Chau, Van Ho.
General orientation: exploiting and promoting strengths of water, land, climate and mineral ... to develop hydropower industry, iron and steel industries and high quality agricultural products. Developing urban areas of It Ong, Phu Yen, Bac Yen; hydropower cluster, Muong La steel zone to create outstanding urban area, ensuring development coordination of the region and economic growth. Developing sustainably products of hydropower, iron and steel, cotton, garment ...associating closely with material zones; investing in infrastructure projects such as roads, schools, power stations and markets ... to improve living standards of the people especially new settlement areas.
1.3. Upland, Vietnam – Laos border region: locating mainly on districts of Song Ma, Sop Cop and a part of districts of Moc Chau, Yen Chau, Phu Yen, Bac Yen, Mai Son, Muong La, Quynh Nhai, Thuan Chau, Van Ho.
Overall orientation: developing agricultural, trade economic associating with maintaining national defense and security, social order and safety; investing in construction of urban areas of Sop Cop, Song Ma, international border gate of Long Sap, border gate trade area of Chieng Khuong to develop border trade; focusing on investing in border infrastructure (border patrol roads, schools ...) to facilitate development of socio-economic, ensuring national defense and security.
2. Completing resettlement areas and building new countryside
2.1. Completing resettlement areas: resolving completely existing matters to stabilize and improve living standards of the people in immigrant point, Son La hydropower resettlement area, Hoa Binh hydroelectric resettlement area to ensure rapid and sustainable socio-economic development.
2.2. New countryside construction: creating rural countryside through raising new revenue, intellectual level of the people, creating jobs, training staff and building infrastructure to shift to goods production.
VI. Solutions on implementation of plan
1. Solution on mobilizing investment capital source
- Demand for investment capital is about VND 155,000 billion in a period to 2025, out of which, about 65,000 billion in a period to 2020 and about VND 90,000 billion in a period to 2025. Basing on ability of balancing annual State budget, the province should actively set up plan, allocating appropriately investment to secure funding for key projects and at the same time, having specific measures to effectively mobilize domestic and international resources to ensure successful implementation of planned objectives.
- To study and promulgate or submit competent State agencies to promulgate a number of mechanisms, specific policies which are in consistent with actual conditions of the people and development requirements in each period in order to attract investment, creating infrastructure development breakthrough such as urban area, mutual cluster, key service zones and key tourism zones.
- To expand investment form of BOT, BT, PPP ... creating favorable conditions for development of capital markets; developing model of investment joint ventures, affiliate and investment capital contribution by assets; promoting socialization to attract investments especially in areas of education, training, healthcare...
2. Solutions on mechanisms, policies and administrative reforms
- To attract enterprises with incentive policies on income tax, corporate tax, mineral exploitation tax…promoting potential and advantages of producing and trading key products, participating effectively in global production value chain, production network to create driving force for socio-economic development in early stages.
- To improve investment climate, trade and production environment, continuing to reform investment procedure towards simply, transparent, publicly manner; promulgating mechanisms, policies on supporting investment basing on advantages of economic development of the local and in accordance with provisions of law.
- To have preferential policies on vocational training for ethnic minority children, university and college training, colleges ... and encouraging large enterprises to train their labor forces, preferential policies on supporting communal, district staff training and technician staff.
- To encourage development of trade models; accelerating construction of wholesale markets, tourism center of Moc Chau, general service area, international border gate area, market system of districts and towns ... and enhancing market access ability of economic units.
3. Solutions on human resource development
- To develop human resources training plan which are suitable with demand of labor market; encouraging development models of direct training at enterprises, training model under demand of investors.
- To promote link between training institutions with vocational training centers in major cities; focusing on development of high quality human resource and having policies to attract high-quality human resources to work at the local, especially in fields of trading and producing key commodities.
4. Solution on science and technology and agricultural encouragement
- To promote renovation of mechanism, system of the State management on science and technology; having plans on training science and technology staffs, implementing well preferential policies for scientists, policy of encouraging socialization in scientific study; expanding links and cooperation with institutions and universities in technology research, technology transfer, encouraging enterprises to participate in production technology innovation.
- To continue to implement strongly agricultural encouragement policy through vocational training programs for farmers in the province, especially in poor areas.
5. Solution on development cooperation and coordination in northwest subregion
Northwest Steering Committee and provinces of Hoa Binh, Son La and Dien Bien, Lai Chau direct, monitor and evaluate development cooperation of northwest subregion, focusing on energy, mineral, high quality agricultural and forestry products and ensuring national defense and security, special relationship of Vietnam - Laos.
VII. Organizing and supervising implementation of the plan
1. After master plan on socio-economic development of Son La province to 2025 being approved by the Prime Minister, the province should organize publication and dissemination of the plan to the Party committees, local governments, sectors, unions, enterprises and the people in the province; at the same time, setting up specific action programs to implement the master plan.
2. To concretize objectives and tasks of the master plan by 5-year plans and annual plans to implement the master plan effectively. Annually evaluating implementation of the master plan and on this basis, reviewing and submitting adjustments, supplementation for competence authorities to suit situation of socio-economic development of the province in each period.
3. All local governments, sectors, socio-political organizations and the people are responsible to check and supervise implementation of the plan.
4. Master plan on socio-economic development of Son La province to 2025 is a basis for building, submitting for approval and implementing plans of sectors (construction plans, plans of using land and plans of other sectors), investment projects in the province.
5. To assign the People's Committee of Son La province basing content of the approved master plan to direct formulation, approval and implementation of the master plan under provisions as following:
- Development plans of key fields, products; development plans of urban systems and residential areas; plans of using land; master plans of socio-economic development of districts, towns and cities as prescribed.
- To set up 5-year plans, annual plans; key programs of culture, socio-economic development; specific projects to implement the master plan.
- To study, formulate and promulgate or submit to competent State agencies for promulgating many mechanisms and policies which are suitable to the province's development requirements and laws of the State in each period in order to attract, promote resources to implement the plan.
6. Related ministries and agencies within their functions, duties and powers, will be responsible for:
- To guide and assist the People's Committee of Son La province in process of implementation of the master plan; in necessary case, in collaboration with the province to build or submit competent authorities for issuing a number of suitable mechanisms and policies in order to use resources efficiently; encouraging and attracting investment under objectives and tasks of socio- economic development mentioned in the master plan.
- To research, review, adjust and supplement development plans of sectors, investment plans and related projects of the master plan after being approved; assisting the province to arrange and mobilize domestic and foreign investment capital sources to implement the plan.

Son La province’s list of projects given priority to investment research to 2025

Projects invested by ministries and centrally-run agencies in the province:
Project of building water reservoir in Mong hamlet, Son La city
Project of upgrading national road No: 6, 32, 37, 43, 279, 4G, Son La city bypass road…; upgrading Na San airport.
Rural transport projects 3, borrowing capital of WB/DFID
Projects invested by the province
Project of developing key agricultural products with trademark of Son La: tea, milk, coffee, flower, clean vegetable...
Project of managing, protecting and building system of protective forest, special-used forest
Project of irrigation, canals solidification; anti-flood, erosion control embankment systems, erosion control.
Renovating electricity system of districts, communes
Planning, building infrastructure, residential urban zones
Projects of developing infrastructure of industrial parks, industrial clusters and Moc Chau complex
Project of building road infrastructure: bus stations, bus rest stations...
Project of building road from headquarter of provincial Party committee to provincial stadium
Continuing to invest and upgrade provincial roads, district roads, border patrol roads, urban roads.
Project of Van Yen bridge, Van Yen port, Ta Bu port.
Constructing typical culture projects of Son La province: statue of Uncle Ho with the people of northwest ethnic minorities, squares, parks, northwest cultural village...
Project of local cultural institutions; restoring cultural relic, cultural zones; library system...
Projects of conservating and developing dances, folk songs of ethnic groups
Project of cultural and sports complexes of districts and cities.
Project of constructing historic revolutionary relic of Laos - Vietnam in Lao Kho hamlet, Yen Chau.
Building and upgrading: provincial general hospital; provincial specialized hospitals; district health centers.
Building ethnic school of province and districts
Building new vocational training schools
Projects of training high quality human resources
Project of continuing to upgrade northwestern university, constructing medical college, university of Son La.
Projects of information technology
Developing radio and television system
Project of building headquarters of the Party, government of Son La province
Project of constructing administrative center of Son La city in Chieng Sinh, new administrative center of Van Lake District.
System of water supply and drainage; system of waste treatment, waste water treatment in the province.
National defense and security in the province: provincial military school, secret ghetto, exercise ground, border posts, ...
Building infrastructure of Chieng Khuong, Long Sap border gate
Project of building stations of monitoring and warning environmental radioactivity in Son La
Projects calling for investment from economic sectors
Project of Infrastructure Moc Chau tourism zone; service and tourism infrastructure of Son La and Hoa Binh hydropower reservoirs.
Project of Moc Chau tourism cluster, project of Moc Chau high quality agriculture product cluster.
Project of general service zones in Son La city, Moc Chau, Hat Lot urban zones
Project of building Dong Phu Yen power plant; investing in construction of small and medium-sized hydropower plants.
Project of training human resources for key sector, key products
Project of building cultural area of NamLa
Economicafforestation project
Project of development livestock, cattle
Project of developing cotton growing region of Bac Yen - Phu Yen
Project of developingrubbergrowingregion
Project of aquaculture development in hydroelectric reservoirs, lakes, rivers, streams...
Project of constructing trade centers in border gate areas of Long Sap and Chieng Khuong
Project of biotech center in Moc Chau
Northwest hospital project; centers of high quality health care.
Project of exploiting and processing minerals: copper, iron, steel, ...; exploiting construction materials.
Rural market system; LPG, fuel supply system...; information and telecommunication infrastructure.

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