Long-term strategy

  • Sustainable development strategy of Vietnam to 2020

  • Tuesday, 3/14/2017

  • AsemconnectVietnam - To create favorable conditions for every individual and community to have equal opportunity to develop talents, access to joint resources and participate in building of, contribute to and benefit from knowledge, material and cultural backgrounds for the next generations.

  •  SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY OF VIETNAM TO 2020
     
    I. Viewpoints, objectives and priorities of sustainable development strategy to 2020
    1. Viewpoints
    - People are a center of sustainable development. To promote maximum role of people as a key subject, resources and goals of sustainable development; increasingly meet material and spiritual demand of people of all strata; to build a wealthy and strong nation, democratic, equal and civilized society; to develop an independent and self-reliant economy with active international integration for sustainable development.
    - Sustainable development is a requirement lasting throughout a process of national development; closely, properly and harmoniously combine economic growth with social development and protection of natural resources and environment, national security and defense, social order and safety.
    - Sustainable development is a common work of the whole Party, the people, authorities at all levels, ministries, agencies, localities, enterprises, social organizations, communities and individuals.
    - To create favorable conditions for every individual and community to have equal opportunity to develop talents, access to joint resources and participate in building of, contribute to and benefit from knowledge, material and cultural backgrounds for the next generations. Sparingly and effectively exploit natural resources, particularly non-renewable resources, preserve and improve living environment; build a learning society, environmentally-friendly lifestyle, sustainable production and consumption.
    - Science and technology are the foundation and driving force of sustainable development. Modern, clean and environmentally-friendly technologies need to be widely applied in production fields.
    2. Objectives
    2.1. General objective:
    Sustainable and effective growth must go along with social progress and equality, protection of national resources and environment, maitaining socio-political stability, firm protection of independence, sovereignty, unification and territorial integrity of the country.
    2.2. Specific objectives:
    - To ensure macro-economic stability, especially macro indexes; to firmly maintain food security, energy security and financial security. To transform a growth model into harmoniously deep and wide development; to gradually carry out green growth, low-carbon economic development; to economically and effectively use all resources.
    - To develop a democratic, disciplined, harmonious, equal and civilized society; to build a progressive culture deeply imbued with national identity; prosperous, progressive and happiness; to ensure the people’s comprehensive development in all aspects of physical, spiritual, intellectual, creativeness capacity, a sense of citizenship and a sense of law observance. To make education and training, science and technology becoming a major driving force for development. To firmly maintain socio-political stability, to firmly protect independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of the country.
    - To mitigate negative impacts of economic activities on the environment. To reasonably exploit and effectively use natural resources, especially non-renewable ones. To prevent, control and repair environmental pollution and degradation, improving the quality of the environment, protecting and developing forests and conserving bio-diversity. To reduce harmful effects of natural disasters, actively and effectively respond to climate change, especially sea level rise.
    3. Goals for supervision and evaluation of sustainable development to 2020
    3.1. General goals
    - Green GDP.
    - Human development index (HDI)
    - Environmental sustainability index (ESI).
    3.2. Economic goals
    - Incremental capital output ratio (ICOR).
    - Labor productivity
    - Contribution ratio of total factor productivity.
    - Energy consumption reduction ratio per unit of GDP.
    - Ratio of recycled energy in the energy consumption structure.
    - Consumer price index (CPI).
    - Current account.
    - Budget overspending.
    - Government’s debt.
    - Foreign debt.
    3.3. Social goals
    - Poverty rate.
    - Unemployment rate.
    - Rate of trained labor of the economy.
    - Gini coefficient.
    - Sex ratio at birth.
    - Number of students per 10,000 people.
    - Number of Internet subscribers per 100 people.
    - Ratio of people participating in social insurance, healthy insurance, and unemployment insurance.
    - Number of deaths due to traffic accidents per 100,000 people.
    - Rate of communes recognized to meet norms of new rural areas.
    3.4. Goals of natural resources and environment.
    - Forest coverage.
    - Rate of protected land, maintenance of biodiversity.
    - Area of degraded land.
    - Reduction rate of underground and surface water.
    - Rate of days with high concentration of toxic substances in the air exceeding the permitted standard.
    - Rate of urban areas, industrial parks, processing zones and industrial clusters having solid waste treatment and waste water meeting environmental standards or relevant technical standards.
    - Rate of solid wastes collected, treated up to environmental standards or relevant technical standards.
    - (Detail of targets for supervision and evaluation of sustainable development in Viet Nam  to 2020 is on the index attached with this strategy).
    4. Priorities of sustainable development to 2020
    4.1. Economic aspect
    - To maintain sustainable economic growth, gradually carry out green growth, develop clean and renewable energies.
    To improve the quality of growth, ensure macro-economic stability, especially financial and monetary policies. To transform the growth model from width to both depth and width based on effective exploitation and use of natural resources and progressive scientific-technological advances to raise productivity and competitiveness of goods and services, efficiency of the economy in general and investments in particular.
    To develop and carry out green growth model, ensure the development of low-carbon economy. To economically and effectively use energy; to develop clean and renewable energies to guarantee the national energy security. To gradually implement market-oriented energy prices, gradually raise the ratio of clean and renewable energy in the energy consumption structure in Viet Nam. To design an environmental-economic cost accounting system and add environment and social aspects to the system of national accounts (SNA).
    To pursue sustainable development in industrial sector with professional structure, environmentally-friendly technology and equipment; proactively prevent and handle industrial pollution, develop “green industry”, give priority to the development of sectors, technologies and products that are environmentally-friendly, speed up high-tech technological development in big cities. To gradually formulate environmental industry.
    - To carry out sustainable production and consumption
    To intensify mass application of cleaner production in order to increase the efficiency of natural resources, materials, energy, water while reducing emissions and pollution rate, protect the quality of the environment, people’s health for sustainable development.
    To develop a civilized, harmonious and environmentally-friendly consumption culture. To gradually implement eco-label and green shopping. To develop an eco-product market and community-based initiatives for sustainable production and consumption. Apply policies to correct unreasonable consumption behavior.
    - To ensure food security, develop agriculture and rural areas in a sustainable manner.
    To ensure food security through protecting 3.8 million hectares of rice land, food supply, nutrition demand and food accessibility of people in accordance with the Politburo’s conclusions and Government’s resolutions.
    To shift the structure of agriculture and rural areas towards industrialization, promote regional advantages; develop quality agricultural products; combine production with local and foreign market in order to lift the efficiency of using natural resources (land, water, forests, labor and capital); heighten income per hectare of cultivated land and per working day; improve farmers’ living standard; sustainably develop craft villages. To speed up the application of scientific and technological advances in production, processing, storage, particularly the application of biotechnology in creating crop plants and domestic animals varieties and production process that yield high productivity and quality. To adjust and supplement agriculture-forestry-aquaculture planning schemes in each economic zone or inter-regional economic zone towards sustainable development, combine production with market, raw material zones with processing industry.
    Sustainable development of rural areas must include four processes: industrialization and modernization; urbanization; population control; environmental protection. Focus investments on developing technical infrastructure and improving the life quality of farmers in terms of economic, cultural, social, environmental and democratic aspects. The process of urbanization and modernization of rural areas must comply with the norms of building new rural areas, lessen development gap between urban and rural areas in terms of material and spiritual aspects.
    - Sustainable development for economic zones and localities
    To give priority to developing key economic zones capable of leading overall development while focusing on supporting disadvantaged regions so as to create a balanced development space, gradually narrow social and economic gap between regions and localities. Key economic zones will play as the engine to motivate mountainous, remote, bordering and island areas. Design proper mechanisms and policies to spur growth in all regions, promote advantages of each region and formulate inter-regional linkages.
    4.2. Social aspect
    - To accelerate poverty reduction toward sustainability; create sustainable employment; implement social progress and equality; fruitfully realize social security policies.
    To prioritize resources for poverty reduction and improvement of living conditions of people in most disadvantaged areas. Support poor people and households to build houses and have means of production; implement economic development through shifting economic, crop plan, domestic animal structure for high economic value; develop mass production of goods; and assist language learning and vocational training.
    To shift economic and labor structure in combination with professional development and sustainable job creation. Support vocational training and job finding for policy beneficiaries, poor people, especially those in rural and urbanized areas.
    To implement social progress and equality. To create equal opportunity in accessing to development resources and enjoying basic services and social welfare; design proper policies to reduce rich-poor gap and living standard gap between regions and social groups.
    To develop a diversified and effective social security system. To step up the realization of social welfare programs, support for the poor and vulnerable groups. Proactively prevent, limit and overcome risks in terms of economic, social and environmental aspects. Vigorously develop insurance system, encourage and create favorable conditions for laborers to access to and participate in insurance ranges. To expand social assistance and relief models, increase the coverage of the models over vulnerable groups.
    - To stabilize population size, improve the quality of population
    To stabilize population size at reasonable level, proactively adjust population growth rate, maintain reasonably low fertility rate, and effectively settle structure-related issues of the population.
    To raise the quality of population; improve reproductive health, health of women and children; develop physical strength and height of Vietnamese people in order to raise the quality of the workforce for serving the cause of modernization and industrialization; gradually improve the quality of the race, longevity and health of Vietnamese people.
    - To develop culture in harmony with the development of the economy and Vietnamese families.
    To promote fine values of the country’s culture while absorbing the quintessence of the human being’s culture, effectively handle cultural and economic relations so as to make culture the spiritual background and driving force for socio-economic development and international integration. Build healthy lifestyle and cultural environment. To develop Vietnamese people’s dignity, especially ethics for young generations, lifestyle, intelligence, physical strength, national self-esteem, sense of social responsibility and sense of law observance. To effectively prevent social evils like drugs and prostitution.
    To build progressive and happy Vietnamese families-the true home for every person and healthy cell of the society. Fruitfully implement guidance, laws and policies on marriage, family, gender equality, and prevention of home violence and social evil penetration into families. Inherit, preserve and promote traditional values of Vietnamese families in combination with developing progressive values of families in developed societies.
    - To sustainably develop urban areas, build new rural areas and properly allocate population and labor in each region
    To gradually develop Viet Nam’s urban system toward urban network model with synchronous, modern technical and social infrastructure; good urban living quality and environment; advanced urban architecture with national identity; preservation and promotion of traditional cultural values in accordance with each development state of the country. Implement sustainable and stable urban development on the basis of proper urban space organization; sensibly use natural resources and land, and save energy; protect the environment and balance ecology.
    To develop and consolidate rural areas under new norms, in accordance with specific features of each region; preserve and uphold special cultural characteristics of Viet Nam’s rural areas. Attach importance to urban-rural linkages. Encourage the development of medium and small-size cities; mitigate gap among regions and community, between urban and rural areas and create sustainable social harmonization.
    To effectively manage migrant workers to speed up proper distribution of population and laborers among regions.
    - To advance the quality of education and training in order to improve intellectual standard of people and professional skills in favor of the requirements for national, regional and local development.
    To basically and comprehensively renovate Viet Nam’s education system towards standardization, modernization and international integration. Synchronously implement measures to improve the quality of education and training; renovate curricula, contents and learning and teaching methods at all school levels in order to heighten the quality of comprehensive education for young generations, enhance practical knowledge and skills, self-learning ability, attach importance to social and human knowledge, supplement modern scientific and technological achievements in accordance with the absorbing capacity of students and regional and global education standard.
    To focus on educating workforce capable of meeting the diverse requirements of technology and development levels of sectors and professions; produce workforce for knowledge economy development.
    To effectively implement strategies for education and vocational development; human resource development strategy and planning scheme  to 2020 period in line with specific conditions of each sector, region and locality. Develop a learning society, mobilize and fruitfully use all the resources for the development of education and training.
    - To raise the quantity and quality of healthcare services; ensure food safety; improve working condition and environment.
    To speed up comprehensive healthcare, focusing on proactive preventive medicine, timely and effectively control epidemic diseases, early detect and timely cure diseases. Consolidate and enhance medical system towards diversification of healthcare models and stakeholders, in which public healthcare establishments take the leading role. Establish the system for provision of comprehensive healthcare services, focusing on basic health services and primary healthcare services. Improve the quality of healthcare rehabilitation services at all levels; reduce patient overload in central-level hospitals. Upgrade infrastructure and working conditions of communal or ward medical stations. Speed up human resource development for healthcare sector and social workers; train community health workers, medical technicians.
    To gradually formulate the system for management and control of food hygiene and safety so as to protect consumers’ health and interests.
    To improve working conditions; reduce pollution of working environment, labor accidents and occupational diseases; care for laborers’ health and enhance occupational safety and health.
    - To maintain socio-political stability, firmly protect independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity; actively integrate into the international community.
    To ensure security, politics, and social order and safety; enhance national defense potential in order to firmly protect independence, sovereignty, maintain peace and stability for national construction and development; closely combine national defense and security with socio-economic development and environmental protection.
    To expand international cooperation, responsibly implement international commitments; pursue proactive integration to build an independent and self-reliant economy, and improve Viet Nam’s position on the international arena.
    4.3. Resources and environment
    - Degradation prevention, effective and sustainable use of land resources
    To enhance the effectiveness of land use. Ensure the balance of land use demand among sectors and food security. Develop land fund for sustainable socio-economic development. Reform planning work and land use to make sure that land-use planning is synchronous and appropriate to socio-economic development planning and avoid overlapping between urban planning, planning of construction in rural residential areas, industrial park planning and land-use planning, avoid construction of solid establishments on land containing minerals. Develop transparent and effective system of financial and price policies in relation to land.
    To increase the productivity of land ecosystems and consider sustainable agriculture production as a priority, promulgate policies on poverty reduction support based on the view of climate change adaptation and biodiversity conservation, apply cultivation techniques in order to mitigate the use of fertilizer and chemical substances in agriculture production. Enhance scientific and technological research in combination with preservation of local residents’ knowledge to prevent land degradation and restore degraded land. Develop structure of crop plants and livestock in accordance with each specific region, ensure sustainable use of land resources and protect and develop forests.
    - Protection of water environment and sustainable use of water resources
    To effectively protect, exploit and use national water resources on the basis of united management over the water resources, water security guarantee for socio-economic development, and acceleration of cooperation with neighboring countries in sharing cross-border water resources. Sparingly use and increase economic efficiency of water consumption. Consider water as the important national asset and enhance the effectiveness of water resources management. Focus on protecting the environment in river basins. Develop and implement programs and projects on general management of river basins, water sources, and underground water.
    To enhance the development of waste water collection and treatment systems in urban areas and industrial parks. Enhance research into measures for treating waste water discharged from agricultural production and aquaculture. Prevent degradation of and restore the quality of water sources, especially water of key river basins.
    - Proper exploitation and economical, sustainable use of minerals
    To properly and effectively exploit and use minerals, ensure mineral reserves for short and long-term development of economic sectors. Reduce and strictly control the import of raw resources and by 2020, put a stop to export of unprocessed minerals. Focus on designing strategies, investigation and exploitation planning in relation to minerals; develop workforce, science research, and application of science and technology in basic geological survey for mineral resources. Implement inspection and exploitation of mineral resources in accordance with approved strategies and planning schemes. Enhance investments in basic investigation, apply advanced mineral censoring and exploitation technologies.
    To raise the effectiveness of the State management over minerals; speed up environmental protection and restoration in mineral exploitation. Cross out “give-take” mechanism in mineral exploitation, carry out mineral management through “auditing” or “tendering”. Enhance exploration of new mineral mines and possibilities of replacing minerals in danger of being scarce.
    - Protection of marine, coastal, island environment and development of marine resources
    To protect and sustainably use marine resources and environment in order to turn Viet Nam into a rich and powerful country based on its sea-born economy, firmly protect national sovereignty over islands and sea, contributing to the cause of modernization and industrialization and sustainable development.
    To ensure the effective and united management of marine resources and environment through the establishment of full and proper legal basis, particularly the Law on marine resources and environment, strategy of marine resources and environment strategy and necessary conditions for sustainable management, exploitation, use and protection of marine resources and environment.
    To step up research and investigation into natural conditions, resources and environment of Viet Nam’s maritime zones; establish scientific background in order to enhance State management over, promote advantages of Viet Nam’s sea, islands and coastal areas.
    - Forest protection and development
    The protection of forests is considered as the protection of continually developing ecosystem and guarantee of optimal re-generation and use of forests. Attach importance to dissemination and awareness improvement of forest protection policies, resolutely deal with sabotage acts causing serious consequences on the environment and State property. Develop forest eco-services and enhance the application of payment mechanisms for forest eco-services to ensure the interests of users and providers of eco-services.
    To make planning, classify and develop three forest categories (special-used, protective, and productive forests); combine preservation with the development of ecotourism, convalescence tourism and other environmental services. Apply scientific and technological advances and inherit forest production experience of local residents. Research into forest development through improving crop seeds and implementing sivilcultural practices. Properly exploit and use forests so as to reproduce and improve forest quality.
    - Reduction of air pollution and noise in big urban areas and industrial parks
    To speed up activities of air observation, inventories and control in urban areas. Control and restrict sources of dust pollution from construction and transport activities. Enhance measures to supervise and reduce air pollution and noise caused by transport, industrial production and people’s daily activities.
    To perfect the functions, tasks and structural organization of the apparatus managing air environment in urban areas and industrial parks.
    - Effective management of solid and toxic wastes
    To raise the efficiency of managing solid and toxic wastes in order to improve the quality of the environment, ensure public health. Reduce discharge of solid wastes and mitigate buried wastes in order to save land resources and prevent environmental pollution. Closely monitor toxic wastes discharged by production and health sectors.
    To develop solid wastes management system in which solid wastes at source are classified, collected, reused, renewed and absolutely treated with progressive technologies; infrastructure, financial and human resources for management of solid wastes.
    To enhance waste inventories and observation, gradually conduct waste audit in production establishments and industrial parks. Effectively organize the implementation of the national target program for reducing pollution and improving the environment.
    - Biodiversity conservation and development
    To preserve and development biodiversity sustainably. Harmoniously combine protection with exploitation and use of biodiversity and prevent poverty. Develop eco-tourism, ensure stability in life of people living in preservation areas; develop sustainable buffer zones for preservation areas. Apply science and technology advances, traditional knowledge, and payments for eco-services in the preservation and development of eco-diversity. Guarantee the engagement of local residents in the process of developing and implementing eco-diversity preservation planning.
    - Reduction of impacts, climate change adaptation, prevention of natural disasters
    To develop and enhance people’s response and resilience capacity to protect natural resources in the context of climate change and improve living standards, ensure environmental security and sustainable development. Build a system to monitor climate change and sea level rise. Modernize observation system and technology for hydro-meteorological forecasting for early warnings of extreme weather events. Organize the implementation of the national climate change strategy; design and issue Law on climate change prevention, control and mitigation.
    To enhance awareness, responsibility and capacity to cope with climate change and prevent natural disasters of relevant stakeholders; enhance science and technology activities, organization capacity, and institution; develop policies and human resources in order to actively response to climate change and mitigate impacts and losses caused by climate change.
    II. Solutions
    1. To continue to improve institutional system and national administration quality for sustainable development
    - To continue to perfect legal system, mechanisms and policies to ensure legal framework for the realization of the Viet Nam strategy for sustainable development to 2020 period (strategy in short). Focus on improving policies on environmental protection, firstly the Law on Environmental Protection issued in 2005.
    - To enhance effectiveness of State management towards accelerating administrative reform, improving transparency of national administration and fighting corruption; coordination among relevant stakeholders in implementing the strategy. Consolidate apparatus at all levels to undertake management work of sustainable development.
    - To integrate viewpoints, principles of sustainable development in strategies, policies, planning schemes, and development plans; ensure that the development and implementation of national target programs must be combined with the strategy approved by the Government, closely and regularly inspected and evaluated on the basis of norms for sustainable development.
    - To design action programs and plans at all levels to implement the strategy.
    - To continue to research, supplement and choose the set of norms for supervising and valuing sustainable development in line with each development stage.
    - To enhance Party’s leadership and State management over the implementation of the strategy, regularly inspect, supervise the deployment of policies, targets and norms for sustainable development.
    - To increase and apply strict criminal and administrative sanctions to ensure sustainable development; focus on improving sanctions to deal with infringement of environment law; organizations and individuals with strict observation of regulations on sustainable development shall be commended and rewarded.
    2. To enhance financial resources for sustainable development
    - To enhance investments and effectively use State-funded capital to implement the strategy. Increase budget to perfect the institutional system, laws and policies on sustainable development; develop action programs/plans to implement the strategy; carry out science and technology research concerning sustainable development; provide training courses and improve the capacity of managing and implementing sustainable development.
    - To mobilize and effectively use official development assistance (ODA), social capital, aid from local and foreign organizations and individuals for sustainable development.
    - To develop mechanisms and policies to encourage financial institutions and businesses of all economic sectors as well as individuals to contribute resources for the realization of targets for sustainable development.
    - To enhance the application of financial tools (tax, fee, etc) tin increase financial resources for the implementation of targets for sustainable development.
    - To establish Fund for supporting sustainable development to mobilize and receive State budget and aid resources from international organizations, non-Governmental organizations, local and international organizations and individuals to fund projects, activities, initiatives and models of sustainable development at local, sectoral and national scales.
    3. Dissemination, education to improve awareness of sustainable development
    - To speed up dissemination and education to raise the whole society’s awareness of sustainable development. Design and realize communication programs appropriate to each type of subjects. Promote the role and responsibility of mass media like television, radio and press agencies for improving people’s awareness of guidelines, policies and strategy on sustainable development; disseminate the contents of sustainable development Strategy. Mobilize the participation of mass organizations like the Fatherland Front, Veterans’ Association, Farmers’ Association, Student Association, etc in communication work concerning sustainable development.
    - To update and combine sustainable development contents with curriculum of the country’s education system.
    4. To enhance capacity of managing and implementing sustainable development
    - To enhance training to improve capacity of managing and implementing sustainable development for managerial posts at all levels, mass organizations and business community.
    - To strengthen capacity of establishments responsible for sustainable development research.
    - To develop information system, database for management of sustainable development.
    - To build supervision and evaluation system for sustainable development.
    5. Improve the role and responsibility and enhance the participation of business community, socio-political organizations, social-professional organizations, non-Governmental organizations and residential communities in deploying sustainable development
    - To enhance the role and responsibility and participation of businesses, socio-political organizations, social-professional organizations, non-Governmental organizations, and residential areas in deploying, consulting, criticizing and proposing sustainable development policies.
    - To improving the role and participation of business community in the cause of socio-economic development, poverty reduction, management and use of natural resources, environmental protection, and climate change adaptation, focusing on:
    + Renovating technologies, applying clean, environmentally-friendly, and energy-saving ones;
    + Raising the responsibility of and mobilizing resources contribution of businesses in managing and consuming sparingly natural resources, maintaining bio-diversity, protecting the environment, proactively preventing and controlling environmental pollution;
    + Speeding up the observation of corporate social responsibilities, introducing business models to the poor, creating the means of subsistence and improving living standards of farmers and people in remote areas;
    + Devising initiatives for sustainable business, piloting such business models for multiplication.
    6. To develop workforce for realization of sustainable development
    - To deploy and concretize the strategy and planning scheme for Viet Nam human resources to 2020, considering it as the crux for growth model transformation and sustainable development.
    - To quickly develop high-quality workforce; closely combine human resource development and science and technology applications to restructure the economy, transform growth model, contributing to increase productivity, quality, efficiency and competitiveness of the economy. Step up the comprehensive renovation of Viet Nam’s tertiary education, expand investments in setting up excellent universities. Carry out programs and projects to produce high-quality workforce for spearhead fields. Focus on detecting, cultivating and promoting talented persons, produce manpower for knowledge economy development.
    7. To enhance the role and effects of science and technology, push up technological renovation to implement sustainable development
    - To combine targets and tasks of science and technology development with sustainable development norms, in which science and technology are the background and driving force for development activities. Focus on developing science and technology fields being the foundation for sustainable development.
    - To vigorously steer science and technology research and application to sustainable development. Speed up science and technical research and technological transfer to serve sustainable development. Encourage the development of environment technology, clean technology, environmentally-friendly products and materials and energy-saving technology. Effective control the import and transfer of technology which is not advanced or energy-consuming. Introduce modern approaches and methods to manage activities of sustainable development. Enhance information technology application and development.
    - To boost technology innovation, improve production technology, focusing on renovating technology towards economical and effective consumption of energy and materials, waste reduction, and high added value.
    - To formulate and develop the system of facilities for researching, training, consulting science and technology services to serve sustainable development.
    8. To expand international cooperation
    - To expand international cooperation in the fields of information exchange, science and technology for sustainable development, develop environmental economics (waste treatment, energy-saving technology, low-carbon, and waste renewal technology, etc).
    - To proactively join the global community to address issues concerning sustainable development; coordinate in settling regional and international issues: carbon emissions, water source pollution, air pollution, and forest exploitation, hydro-power dams, or social issues like emigration and labor export, etc.
    III. Organization of implementation
    1. Responsibilities of the National Council for competitiveness improvement and sustainable development
    To act as a counselor for the Government, the Prime Minister in directing, regulating, supervising and evaluating the implementation of the strategy; in proposing measures, solutions and policies to ensure coordination of ministries, agencies, localities, socio-political organizations, social-professional organizations and business community for effective realization of the strategy.
    2. Responsibilities of relevant ministries, sectors, localities, bodies and organizations
    2.1. The Ministry of Planning and Investment
    To be responsible for coordinating with relevant ministries, sectors, localities and bodies to implement the strategy, focusing on the following issues:
    - To design national programs/action plans for sustainable development in the 2011-2015 and 2016-2020, delegate specific assignments to relevant ministries, sectors, localities, bodies and organizations; ensure funds for achieving targets of the strategy;
    - To design mechanisms and policies to manage, instruct and support the implementation of the strategy;
    - To coordinate and support relevant ministries, sectors, localities and bodies in designing and carrying out their programs/Action plans;
    - To develop information system and database on sustainable development;
    - To supplement and adjust the set of norms for sustainable development in accordance with each development stage; design local-level set of norms for sustainable development for synchronous deployment across the country; supervise and evaluate the implementation of the strategy.
    - To quickly study and propose the establishment of a fund for supporting sustainable development;
    - To evaluate and review the implementation of the strategy, report to the Prime Minister and propose the amendments to mechanisms and policies on annual basis.
    2.2. Ministries, ministerial-level agencies and Government bodies
    - To develop action programs/ plans; establish ministerial-level steering committee for sustainable development; allocate resources to effectively implement the strategy; proactively participate in joint activities under the Government’s direction;
    - To integrate contents of the strategy in policy-making process; design and carry out their own development strategies, plannings schemes and plans;
    - To coordinate with the Ministry of Planning and Investment to design sectoral sustainable development norms in accordance with real conditions and particular characteristics and on the basis of the requirements for sustainable development, norms of supervising and evaluating national sustainable development; organize supervision and evaluation of targets and norms of sustainable development within their assigned management scope;
    - To organize widespread dissemination of the spirit and contents of the strategy to public servants;
    - Every year, design periodical reports on the realization of the strategy, targets and norms under their assigned management scope and send them to the Ministry of Planning and Investment to summarize before reporting to the Prime Minister.
    2.3. People’s Committees of provinces and centrally-governed localities
    - To coordinate with ministries, agencies and localities to design local-level action programs/plans; establish a local steering committee for sustainable development; allocate resources to effectively realize the strategy.
    - To integrate contents of the strategy into policies; design and implement local planning schemes and development plans;
    - To organize the dissemination of the Strategy and local programs/plans to cadres, pubic employees, enterprises and people;
    - To organize supervision and evaluation of objectives and targets of sustainable development;
    - To develop and deploy pilot sustainable development models in accordance with local practices and levels of awareness;
    - To prepare annual reports on the realization of the strategy, targets of sustainable development and send them to the Ministry of Planning and Investment for synthesization before submitting to the Prime Minister.
    2.4. Socio-political organizations, social-professional organizations, non-governmental organizations, Viet Nam business Council for sustainable development under the Viet Nam Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
    - To actively develop action plans and participating in the implementation of the strategy within assigned competence.
    - To encourage and mobilize business community and citizens in implementing the strategy;
    - To prepare annual reports on the implementation of the strategy and send to the Ministry of Planning and Investment for synthesization before submitting to the Prime Minister.
    3. Funds                               
    - Funds for the implementation of the Viet Nam sustainable development strategy to 2020 shall be allocated to annual budget estimates of ministries, agencies, relevant organizations and localities under the current regulations on decentralized State budget management.
    - The Ministry of Planning and Investment, Ministry of Finance shall allocate annual funds under the Law on State Budget to fruitfully realize the strategy; to instruct ministries, agencies and localities to use the funds correctly and effectively.
    - The Ministry of Finance will specify regular expenditure sources for elements of the strategy, give instructions to budget estimate development and budget use in compliance with legal regulations.
    - Ministries, agencies, relevant organizations and localities actively mobilize local and foreign organizations and individuals under the legal regulations to sponsor the implementation of this strategy. 

    Long Giang
    Source: www.mpi.gov.vn
     

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